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[1]柳凤娟,向双,阳小成,等.两种光照生境下4种常绿阔叶树的单位叶面积干重、光合能力与化学防御物质含量比较[J].应用与环境生物学报,2010,16(04):462-467.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2010.00462]
 LIU Fengjuan,XIANG Shuang,YANG Xiaocheng,et al.Comparison of Leaf Mass per Area, Photosynthetic Capacity and Chemical Defense Traits of Four Evergreen Broad-leaved Tree Species under Contrasting Light Conditions[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2010,16(04):462-467.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2010.00462]
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两种光照生境下4种常绿阔叶树的单位叶面积干重、光合能力与化学防御物质含量比较()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
16卷
期数:
2010年04期
页码:
462-467
栏目:
胁迫抗性生理及分子机制专栏
出版日期:
2010-08-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Comparison of Leaf Mass per Area, Photosynthetic Capacity and Chemical Defense Traits of Four Evergreen Broad-leaved Tree Species under Contrasting Light Conditions
作者:
柳凤娟向双 阳小成 孙书存
(1中国科学院成都生物研究所 生态恢复重点实验室 成都 610041)
(2成都理工大学材料与化学化工学院 成都 610059)
Author(s):
LIU Fengjuan XIANG Shuang YANG Xiaocheng SUN Shucun
(1 ECORES Lab, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China)
(2 College of Material and Chemistry & Chemical Engineering, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610059, China)
关键词:
单位叶面积干重生活史权衡物理防御化学防御亚热带常绿阔叶林
Keywords:
lleaf mass per unitt area llife histtory ttradeoff physicall defense chemicall defense subtbtropicall evvergreen bbroad-lleavved forestt
分类号:
Q945.79
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2010.00462
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
亚热带常绿阔叶林下分布着可塑性强的耐荫植物,其叶片应对外界干扰的防御对策至少有物理性防御和化学性防御两种,这两种防御代价在一定的昆虫取食压力下在理论上应该存在权衡. 为检验这种权衡是否普遍存在,分别测定了重庆缙云山4个常绿物种——光叶山矾(Symplocos lancifolia)、四川山矾(S. setchuensis)、四川毛蕊茶(Camellia lawii)和细枝柃(Eurya loquaiana)在林窗和林下两种对照光环境下个体叶片的光饱和下的净光合速率、叶面积干重和部分化学防御物质含量. 结果表明,4个物种生活在林窗的个体单位叶面积干重、叶片氮含量和单位面积净光合速率通常高于林下的个体,但是单位质量和单位面积的总酚含量和C/N值却低于林下的个体. 蛋白质和非结构性碳水化合物含量在不同生境中没有显著差异. 因为不同物种叶片对光照条件的响应不同,不同参数的变化在两种生境间的差异并不完全一致. 本研究结果在一定程度上暗示了物种在林窗和林下分别倾向于采取物理和化学性防御对策,并初步证实了两种防御强度之间存在权衡关系. 图4 参40
Abstract:
Shade-tolerantplantsareusuall phenotpicall plasticinsubtropicalevergreenbroad-leavedforests andShade-ttollerantt pllantts are usuallyllphenotytpicallyllpllasttic in subtbtropicall evvergreen bbroad-lleavved forestts,and ttheir lleavves havve att lleastt ttwo approaches tto prevventt insectt herbbivvory, i.e., physicall and chemicall defenses. According resource allllocattion ttheory tthe tytpes of defensivve costts shoulld bbe negattivvelyl correllatted. To examine whetther ttradeoff bbettween physicall and chemicall defenses is ubbiquittous, llightt-satturatted nett phottosyntthettic ratte, lleaf mass per area (LMA), and concenttrattions of some chemicalls were examined for adultlt indivvidualls of four evvergreen species inclluding Symplocos lancifolia, S. setchuensis, Camellia lawii and Eurya loquaiana llivving witthin forestt gaps and under forestt canopy in tthe Jinyun Mounttain Nattionall Natture Reservve in Chongqing, China. For each species, indivvidualls witthin forestt gaps were found tto havve higher LMA, nittrogen concenttrattion and maximum nett phottosyntthettic ratte per unitt area tthan tthose under forestt canopy. In conttrast,t indivvidualls under canopy had higher ttottall phenollics conttentts per lleaf mass or per area and C/N rattios rellattivve witthin forestt gaps; conttentts of prottein and non-sttructturall carbbohydratte were indisttinguishablble between contrasting light conditions for each species. However, the light effect on leaf traits was sometimes species-specific, and nott allll tthe species showed same response pattttern for allll sttudy parametters. In concllusion, our sttudy suggestts tthatt four species ttend tto adoptt physicall and chemicall defensivve sttrattegies for ttheir indivvidualls growing under open and cllosed canopies, respecttivvely,l which indicattes a ttradeoff bbettween ttwo defensivve costts. Fig 4, Ref 40

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
中国科学院成都生物研究所知识创新领域前沿项目(No. 08B2041)资助 Supportted byb tthe Knowlledge Innovvattion Engineering Preceding Projectt of Chengdu Insttittutte of Biollogy, Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. 08B2041)
更新日期/Last Update: 2010-08-25