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[1]文小龙,崔志松,穆景利,等.10种凝油剂的生物毒性评价[J].应用与环境生物学报,2015,21(05):798-804.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.03017]
 WEN Xiaolong,CUI Zhisong,MU Jingli,et al.Toxicity evaluation of 10 oil gelling agents[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2015,21(05):798-804.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.03017]
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10种凝油剂的生物毒性评价()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
21卷
期数:
2015年05期
页码:
798-804
栏目:
论文
出版日期:
2015-10-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Toxicity evaluation of 10 oil gelling agents
作者:
文小龙 崔志松 穆景利 靳非 高伟 栾晓 郑立 孙承君 詹天荣
1青岛科技大学化学与分子工程学院 青岛 266042 2国家海洋局第一海洋研究所海洋生态研究中心 青岛 266061 3国家海洋环境监测中心 大连 116000
Author(s):
WEN Xiaolong CUI Zhisong MU Jingli JIN Fei GAO Wei LUAN Xiao ZHENG Li SUN Chengjun ZHAN Tianrong
1Institute of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266042, China 2Marine Ecology Research Center, First Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Qingdao 266061, China 3National Marine Environmental Monitoring Center, Dalian 116000, China
关键词:
凝油剂急性毒性遗传毒性发光细菌海水青鳉
Keywords:
oil gelling agent acute toxicity genotoxicity luminescent bacteria marine medaka Oryzias melastigma
分类号:
X171.5
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.03017
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为评价海洋溢油应急处置中所使用的凝油剂的环境安全性,以发光细菌(Acinetobacter sp. Tox2和Acinetobacter sp. RecA)和海水青鳉(Oryzias melastigma)幼鱼为受试生物,对10种凝油剂的急性毒性和遗传毒性进行检测. 结果显示,采用发光细菌法检测到FOA、GMN-01等两种凝油剂具有一定水平的急性毒性,其HgCl2当量浓度分别为0.067 mg/L、0.084 mg/L;而NORSOREX凝油剂具有一定水平的遗传毒性,其丝裂霉素C(MMC)当量浓度达到0.307 mg/L. 然而,在鱼类暴露实验中并没有检测到上述样品明显的急性毒性或遗传毒性. 本研究表明,所选取的10种凝油剂在96 h内对高等生物(鱼类)均没有明显的急性毒性或遗传毒性,而发光细菌法在凝油剂生物毒性检测中的灵敏度更高;本研究结果可为凝油剂用于处理实际溢油污染的环境安全性指标提供参考.
Abstract:
Oil gelling agents are widely used in emergency response of marine oil spills. However, the biological toxicity of oil gelling agents is not well understood. This research aimed to evaluate the environmental safety of oil gelling agents used for rapid removal and cleanup of marine oil spills. We used luminescent bacteria (Acinetobacter sp. Tox2 and Acinetobacter sp. RecA) combined with exposure experiment using marine medaka (Oryzias melastigma) juveniles to detect the acute toxicity and genotoxicity of 10 oil gelling agents. As a result, a certain level of acute toxicity was detected from the oil gelling agent FOA and GMN-01 (the toxicity equivalent to 0.067 mg/L and 0.084 mg/L of HgCl2, respectively), and a certain level of genotoxicity was detected from the oil gelling agent NORSOREX (the toxicity equivalent to 0.307 mg/L of MMC) by the luminescent bacteria test. However, no obvious acute toxicity or genotoxicity was detected from the above three oil gelling agents in fish-exposure experiments. Our results suggest that the 10 oil gelling agents have no obvious acute toxicity or genotoxicity to higher organisms (including marine medaka). The luminescent bacteria test is more sensitive in detecting biological toxicity of oil gelling agents. This study provides a reference for environmental safety evaluation of the oil gelling agents used in the cleaning up of the marine oil spills.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
科技部科技基础性工作专项(2012FY130300)、中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项资金(2014G12)和泰山学者海外创新人才资助 Supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology of China (2012FY130300), the Basic Scientific Fund for National Public Research Institutes of China (2014G12) and the Taishan Award for Innovative Overseas Scholars
更新日期/Last Update: 2015-10-26