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[1]陈德元,谢贻发,刘正文.生长不同根冠比沉水植物的实验水体对磷输入的响应比较研究[J].应用与环境生物学报,2016,22(05):747-751.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.04005]
 CHEN Deyuan,XIE Yifa & LIU Zhengwen**.The response to external phosphorus loadings of experimental aquatic systems with submerged plants of different root to shoot ratios*[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2016,22(05):747-751.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.04005]
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生长不同根冠比沉水植物的实验水体对磷输入的响应比较研究()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
22卷
期数:
2016年05期
页码:
747-751
栏目:
生态系统的环境互作与表生过程专栏
出版日期:
2016-10-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
The response to external phosphorus loadings of experimental aquatic systems with submerged plants of different root to shoot ratios*
作者:
陈德元谢贻发刘正文
暨南大学生态学系与水生生物研究中心 广州 510632
Author(s):
CHEN Deyuan XIE Yifa & LIU Zhengwen**
Department of Ecology and Research Center of Hydrobiology, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China
关键词:
沉水植物根冠比苦草轮叶黑藻浅水湖泊
Keywords:
submerged macrophyte phosphorus root to shoot ratio Vallisneria natans Hydrilla verticillata shallow lake
分类号:
X524 : X17
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.04005
摘要:
沉水植物是维持浅水湖泊清水型生态系统的关键因子. 沉水植物可以从水和沉积物中吸收营养盐,但具有不同根冠比的种类有明显的差异,因此对生态系统的影响可能存在差异. 以根冠比不同的两种常见沉水植物——苦草(Vallisneria natans)和轮叶黑藻(简称黑藻)(Hydrilla verticillata)为研究对象,通过建立实验水体,比较不同磷负荷条件下沉水植物生物量、水和沉积物中磷含量的变化,以探讨具有不同沉水植物种群的水体对外源营养盐负荷的响应特征. 结果显示:随着磷负荷增加,苦草生物量降低,而黑藻生物量上升;苦草的根冠比显著高于黑藻,且两种沉水植物的根冠比都随磷负荷增加而降低. 与没有沉水植物的结果比较显示:苦草和黑藻在不同磷负荷条件下,都能显著降低水和沉积物中磷的含量;苦草对沉积物中磷含量的影响大于黑藻,而黑藻对水中磷含量的影响大于苦草. 因此,在外源营养盐负荷较高时,黑藻比苦草能更有效地削减水中磷浓度,从而更有利于维持浅水湖泊清水型生态系统;但沉积物扰动较强时,苦草和黑藻对水体的影响尚需进一步研究. (图3 表4 参24)
Abstract:
Owing to their capability to take nutrients from both water and sediments, submerged macrophytes play an important role in maintaining the clear-water ecosystems in shallow lakes. Species with different root to shoot ratios may have different effects on lake ecosystems. In order to explore the responses of aquatic ecosystems with different submerged macrophytes to external nutrient loadings, this study, we established experimental ecosystems inhabited with two submerged macrophyte species Vallisneria natans and Hydrilla verticillata, and compared their biomass, the phosphorus (P) concentrations in water and in sediments under different phosphorus loadings. The results showed that with the increase of P loadings the biomass of V. natans decreased and that of H. verticillata increased; the root to shoot ratio was higher in V. natans than in H. verticillata, though both decreased during the experiment. Compared with the control without submerge macrophytes, the water and sediments of both V. natans and H. verticillata had lower P contents. V. natans had more significant effects than H. verticillata on sediment P contents. In contrast, the effect on water P concentrations was more significant in H. verticillata than in V. natans. Thus, our study suggests that in higher external nutrient loadings, H. verticillata is more sufficient to reduce P concentrations in waters than V. natans. However, the effect of V. natans and H. verticillata on aquatic ecosystems need further study when there is a strong sediment resuspension.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2016-10-25