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[1]张汝翀,王冬梅,张英,等.煤矸石绿化基质对白三叶草生长及其抵御重金属污染的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2018,24(04):908-914.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.10020]
 ZHANG Ruchong,WANG Dongmei**,ZHANG Ying & DU Tao.Effects of green substrates composed of coal gangue on the growth of Trifolium repens L. and its resistance to heavy metal pollution[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2018,24(04):908-914.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.10020]
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煤矸石绿化基质对白三叶草生长及其抵御重金属污染的影响()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
24卷
期数:
2018年04期
页码:
908-914
栏目:
研究简报
出版日期:
2018-08-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of green substrates composed of coal gangue on the growth of Trifolium repens L. and its resistance to heavy metal pollution
作者:
张汝翀王冬梅张英杜韬
北京林业大学水土保持学院 北京 100083
Author(s):
ZHANG Ruchong WANG Dongmei** ZHANG Ying & DU Tao
Faculty of Soil and Water Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
关键词:
煤矸石白三叶草重金属富集淋溶
Keywords:
coal waste Trifolium repens L. heavy metal accumulation leaching
分类号:
X752
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.10020
摘要:
煤矸石是煤炭生产过程中产生的主要固体废弃物,因其利用率低、长期大量堆积,对周围环境造成严重污染. 探究以煤矸石为主要材料的优质的绿化基质对于实现煤矸石的资源化利用将具有重要意义. 采用盆栽试验和淋溶试验,将一定量煤矸石混合不同比例的土壤、聚丙烯酰胺(PAM)、粉煤灰和玉米秸秆组成基质,各因素设置3水平,选用L9(34)正交表安排试验,并撒播白三叶草进行温室栽培. 结果显示:土壤添加600 g时对白三叶草生长状况影响极显著(P < 0.01),但会增加铬(Cr)元素的富集和淋溶;PAM添加120 mg/kg可显著增加白三叶草的株高和生物量(P < 0.01),并对Cr、砷(As)元素产生明显的吸附作用;粉煤灰添加75 g时能显著地促进白三叶草的出苗及生长(P < 0.05),但添加150 g时会对Cr、As元素的富集与淋溶有明显的促进作用;玉米秸秆添加量为25 g时对白三叶草的出苗率、株高、生物量均产生促进作用(P < 0.05),但对Cr、As元素的富集与淋溶基本无影响. 淋溶试验检验发现上述配比基质的Cr、As元素淋溶均低于国家标准. 综上,最适宜白三叶草生长且抵御重金属Cr、As污染、可用于生产的基质配比为600 g土壤与煤矸石混合,并添加120 mg/kg PAM、75 g粉煤灰与25 g玉米秸秆. (图1 表8 参35)
Abstract:
Coal gangue is one of the main solid wastes produced during coal production. Because of a low utilization rate and large accumulation, coal gangue causes serious pollution to the environment. It is important to explore a high-quality greening medium to improve resource utilization of coal gangue. A pot experiment and a leaching test were performed in this study. Gangue was used as the main component of the matrix, and each matrix was added to 3 levels of soil, polyacrylamide, fly ash, and corn straw. The L9 (34) orthogonal tab was used to arrange the test, and Trifolium repens L. was planted for greenhouse cultivation. The results showed that T. repens grew best by adding 600 g of soil when compared to the other treatments (P < 0.01), but it increased the accumulation and leaching of Cr. The height and biomass of T. repens significantly increased (P < 0.01), when compared to the other treatments, when 120 mg/kg of polyacrylamide was added, and Cr and As were absorbed. The emergence and growth of T. repens significantly increased (P < 0.05), when compared to the other treatments, when 75 g of fly ash was added, but when 150 g of fly ash was added there was a significant increase in the accumulation and leaching of Cr and As. The production of T. repens was significantly promoted (P < 0.05), when compared to the other treatments, when 25 g of corn straw was added, but there was no effect on the accumulation and leaching of Cr and As. The results of the leaching experiments showed that the leaching of Cr and As in the treatment mixtures was lower than the national standard. In summary, the optimal components of the matrix for plant growth and resistance to heavy metal pollution was 600 g of soil, 120 mg/kg of polyacrylamide, 75 g of fly ash, and 25 g of corn straw, which can be used in production.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2018-08-25