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[1]罗清虎,孙凡,崔羽,等.泥石流频发流域失稳性坡面主要植物种间关联性[J].应用与环境生物学报,2018,24(04):689-696.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.11005]
 LUO Qinghu,SUN Fan,et al.Interspecific association among main plant species in the unstable slope with high-frequency debris flow[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2018,24(04):689-696.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.11005]
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泥石流频发流域失稳性坡面主要植物种间关联性()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
24卷
期数:
2018年04期
页码:
689-696
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2018-08-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Interspecific association among main plant species in the unstable slope with high-frequency debris flow
作者:
罗清虎孙凡崔羽吴建召林勇明王道杰吴承祯
1福建农林大学林学院 福州 3500022福建省高校森林生态系统过程与经营重点实验室 福州 3500023中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所 成都 6100414武夷学院生态与资源工程学院 南平 354300
Author(s):
LUO Qinghu1 2 SUN Fan1 2 CUI Yu1 2 WU Jianzhao1 2 LIN Yongming1 2 ** WANG Daojie3 & WU Chengzhen1 4
1 College of Forestry, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China2 Key Laboratory for Forest Ecosystem Process and Management of Fujian Province, Fuzhou 350002, China3 Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water Conservancy, Chengdu 610041, China4 College of Ecology and Resources Engineering, Wuyi University, Nanping 354300, China
关键词:
群落泥石流频发流域失稳性坡面种间关联
Keywords:
community area with high-frequency debris flow unstable slope interspecific association
分类号:
Q948.12
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.11005
摘要:
为揭示生态环境脆弱的泥石流频发流域植被群落结构特征及物种种间关系,在样方调查的基础上,基于2 × 2联列表,使用方差分析、χ2检验、Jaccard指数、Pearson相关系数和 Spearman秩相关系数检验,研究失稳性坡面稳定区、失稳区、堆积区的主要植物种间关联性. 方差分析检验显示:稳定区与堆积区各45个种对整体上均表现显著负关联,失稳区45个种对整体表现为不显著负关联,趋于独立分布. 不同检验结果显示:χ2检验的稳定区、失稳区、堆积区种对种间显著联结的分别有1对、4对、4对,种间正、负关联的种对数量比例分别为0.55、0.67、0.67. Pearson相关分析检验的稳定区、失稳区、堆积区种对种间显著联结的分别有8对、5对、5对,种间正、负关联的种对数量比例分别为0.36、0.45、0.45. Spearman秩相关分析检验的稳定区、失稳区、堆积区种对种间显著联结的分别有10对、6对、9对,种间正、负关联的种对数量比例分别为0.5、0.55、0.6. 各检验结果总体上具有相似性,但相互之间也有差异,在3个分区的各45个种对中,都是负关联种对数大于正关联种对数,大多数物种呈独立性分布且种间关系不显著. 上述研究表明失稳性坡面整体上植物群落还不稳定,泥石流频发流域生态脆弱区的物种种间关系易受环境的干扰;因此在植被恢复过程中应根据种间联结关系,合理选择配置物种,以促进群落结构发展与生态环境改善. (图4 表3 参40)
Abstract:
To determine the characteristics of vegetation community structure and the relationship between species in the frequent watersheds of debris flow in fragile ecological environments, based on sample survey and 2 × 2 joint table techniques, we used analysis of variance test, χ2 test, Jaccard index, Pearson correlation coefficient, and Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient test to study the main plant species correlations in the stable zone, instable zone, and deposit zone of the unstable slope. The analysis of variance test showed that all 45 species pairs had a significant negative correlation in the stable zone and instable zone, whereas there was no significant negative correlation in the deposit zone, which showed that the species had an independent distribution trend. The results from the different tests showed that there were 1 pair, 4 pairs, and 4 pairs from the stable zone, instable zone, and deposit zone, respectively, which had significant interspecific association under the χ2 test and the ratios of positive correlation pairs to negative correlation pairs were 0.55, 0.67, and 0.67 in the stable zone, instable zone, and deposit zone, respectively. There were 8 pairs, 5 pairs, and 5 pairs from the stable zone, instable zone, and deposit zone, respectively, which had significant interspecific association from the Pearson correlation analysis test, and the ratios of positive correlation pairs to negative correlation pairs were 0.36, 0.45, and 0.45 in the stable zone, instable zone, and deposit zone, respectively. There were 10 pairs, 6 pairs, and 9 pairs from the stable zone, instable zone, and deposit zone, respectively, which had significant interspecific association from the Spearman’s rank correlation analysis test and the ratios of positive correlation pairs to negative correlation pairs were 0.5, 0.55, and 0.6 in the stable zone, instable zone, and deposit zone, respectively. The three test results showed general similarities but there were some differences. Most species pairs did not reach a significant level in the three zones and the number of negatively related species was more than the number of positively related species. In brief, this loose interspecific relationship indicates that the entire plant community was not stable, and the interspecific relationships among species are susceptible to environmental interference in the ecologically fragile areas of the debris flow basin. Therefore, rational selection and configuration of species should be applied to promote community structure development and ecological environmental improvement in vegetation restoration process areas with high-frequency debris flow.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2018-08-25