|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]郝志远,李素清.阳泉矿区煤矸石山复垦地不同植被下草本植物群落生态关系[J].应用与环境生物学报,2018,24(05):1158-1164.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.11013]
 HAO Zhiyuan & LI Suqing**.Ecological relationships in herbaceous plant communities under different plantations on reclaimed coal gob piles in the Yangquan mining area, China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2018,24(05):1158-1164.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.11013]
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阳泉矿区煤矸石山复垦地不同植被下草本植物群落生态关系()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
24卷
期数:
2018年05期
页码:
1158-1164
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2018-10-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Ecological relationships in herbaceous plant communities under different plantations on reclaimed coal gob piles in the Yangquan mining area, China
作者:
郝志远李素清
山西大学黄土高原研究所 太原 030006
Author(s):
HAO Zhiyuan & LI Suqing**
Institute of Loess Plateau, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China
关键词:
煤矸石山复垦地草本植物TWINSPAN分类DCA排序物种多样性
Keywords:
reclaimed coal gob piles herbaceous plant TWINSPAN classification DCA ordination species diversity
分类号:
Q948.1 : X171.4
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.11013
摘要:
为揭示煤矸石山复垦地不同植被下草本植物群落与环境因子的关系,采用TWINSPAN分类、DCA排序和物种多样性分析方法,对阳泉矿区五矿2座不同复垦年限(2003年、2013年)煤矸石山复垦地不同植被下草本植物群落60个植物样方的数据进行分类、排序与物种多样性研究. 结果显示:(1)TWINSPAN分类将该复垦地不同植被下草本植物群落分为12个群丛类型,群丛Ⅰ-Ⅴ位于复垦年限(2013)较短的矸石山,群丛Ⅵ-Ⅻ位于复垦年限(2003)较长的矸石山;(2)样方的DCA排序第一轴反映了复垦年限变化,沿DCA排序第一轴从左往右煤矸石山复垦年限逐渐缩短;DCA第二轴反映了复垦地地形的变化,沿DCA排序第二轴从上到下煤矸石山复垦地由平台→边坡;(3)不同植被下草本植物群丛的物种多样性表现为平台>边坡(即群丛Ⅴ>群丛Ⅱ、群丛Ⅻ>群丛Ⅶ),乔木林下>灌草丛下(群群丛Ⅵ),复垦年限较长的群丛Ⅻ>复垦年限较短的群丛Ⅴ. 本研究表明植被类型、复垦年限、地形对煤矸石山复垦地不同植被下草本植物群丛物种多样性影响明显;随着复垦年限的增长,群丛向更加稳定、多样的方向更替. (图4 表2 参22)
Abstract:
This study was done to clarify the relationships among plants in herbaceous plant communities under different types of plantations growing in the environmental conditions of reclaimed coal gob piles. Data from 60 quadrat samples of herbaceous plant communities under different plantations on two reclaimed coal gob piles (revegetated in 2013 and 2003, respectively) at the No.5 mine in the Yangquan mining area of China were analyzed using two-way indicator species analysis (TWINSPAN), detrended correspondence analysis (DCA), and species diversity indices. Results showed that the herbaceous plant communities under different plantations were classified into 12 types (associations) by TWINSPAN, among which communities Ⅰ-Ⅴ were located on the coal gob piles revegetated in 2013 and communities Ⅵ-Ⅻ were located on those revegetated in 2003. The results of the DCA ordination of the 60 quadrats clearly reflected the relationship between the distribution of the herbaceous plant communities under different plantations and environmental gradients. The first DCA axis represented the gradient in time since restoration, in that the revegetated ages of herbaceous plant communities under different plantations gradually decreased from left to right along the first DCA axis. The second DCA axis represented the gradient in slope, such that the terrain of the reclaimed coal gob piles changed from the platform to the slope of the coal gob pile along the second DCA axis. Analysis of the species diversity of the herbaceous plant communities under different plantations showed that those on the platforms of the reclaimed coal gob piles were more diverse than those on the slopes (i.e. community Ⅴ > community Ⅱ, community Ⅻ > community Ⅶ), while those under arbor plantations were more diverse than those under shrub and herb plantations (i.e. community Ⅻ > community Ⅵ), and the community (Ⅻ) revegetated in 2003 was more diverse than that (Ⅴ) revegetated in 2013. These results indicated that the plantation type, revegetated age, and terrain type of the coal gob piles had significant effects on the species diversity of the herbaceous plant communities under different plantations on the reclaimed coal gob piles.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2018-10-25