|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]王海斌,陈晓婷,丁力,等.福建省安溪县茶园土壤酸化对茶树产量及品质的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2018,24(06):1398-1403.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.12008]
 WANG Haibin,et al..Effect of soil acidification on yield and quality of tea tree in tea plantations from Anxi county, Fujian Province[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2018,24(06):1398-1403.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.12008]
点击复制

福建省安溪县茶园土壤酸化对茶树产量及品质的影响
分享到:

《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
24卷
期数:
2018年06期
页码:
1398-1403
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2018-12-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effect of soil acidification on yield and quality of tea tree in tea plantations from Anxi county, Fujian Province
作者:
王海斌 陈晓婷 丁力 叶江华 贾小丽 孔祥海 何海斌
1龙岩学院生命科学学院 龙岩 364012 2福建农林大学福建省农业生态过程与安全监控重点实验室 福州 350002 3武夷学院 武夷山 354300
Author(s):
WANG Haibin et al.
1 College of Life Sciences, Longyan University, Longyan 364012, China 2 Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Agroecological Processing and Safety Monitoring, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 35002, China 3 Wuyi University, Wuyishan 354300, China
关键词:
福建省安溪县茶树pH值产量品质
Keywords:
Anxi county Fujian Province tea tree pH value yield quality
分类号:
S506.1 : S154.1
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.12008
摘要:
为揭示茶树根际土壤酸化对茶叶产量、品质的影响,以福建省安溪县9个乡镇茶园为研究对象,分析不同树龄茶树根际土壤的pH值、茶树鲜叶的产量和品质指标含量并分析土壤酸度与茶树树龄、茶树鲜叶的产量和品质的关系. 结果表明,安溪县9个乡镇茶园中,37.67%的土壤已经酸化,10.03%的土壤适宜种植茶树. 茶树树龄与其根际土壤pH值呈极显著负相关,即随着茶树树龄的增加,其根际土壤pH值呈现下降趋势. 其次,9个乡镇茶园春茶、秋茶产量均与茶树根际土壤pH值呈极显著正相关,相关系数分别为0.912-0.952和0.898-0.973. 此外,9个乡镇茶园茶叶品质指标——茶多酚、茶氨酸、咖啡碱均与茶树根际土壤pH值呈极显著正相关,相关系数分别在0.897-0.959、0.908-0.974和0.907-0.975之间. 综上表明,随着茶树树龄的增加,茶树根际土壤酸度加剧,茶叶产量降低,茶叶品质呈现下降趋势. (图1 表6 参27)
Abstract:
In order to investigate the effect of tea tree rhizosphere soil acidification on yield and quality of tea tree, the pH value, yield, and quality index of fresh tea leaves of different ages were analyzed, and the correlation between rhizosphere soil acidification and ages, yield, and quality index were studied from nine tea plantations in Anxi county, Fujian Province. The results showed that 37.67% of the nine soils were acidified, and 10.03% of them were suitable for planting tea tree. Furthermore, the results indicated that the age of tea tree was significantly and negatively correlated with the soil pH value, as shown by a decrease in soil pH values associated with an increase in tree age. In addition, the yield of spring and fall crops of tea from these nine plantations were all significantly and positively correlated with the pH value, with correlation coefficients distribution values of 0.912–0.952 and 0.898–0.973, respectively. In addition, quality indices, including polyphenols, theanine, and caffeine for the nine tea plantations were all significantly and positively correlated with their soil pH values, and their correlation coefficient distribution values were 0.897–0.959, 0.908–0.974, and 0.907–0.975, respectively. Above all, as tea tree ages increased, rhizosphere soil acidity was significantly increased, and yield and quality of tea presented a statistically significantly up/down trend.

参考文献/References:

1. Singh HP, Batish DR, Kohli RK. Autotoxicity: concept, organisms, and ecological significance [J]. Crit Rev Plant Sci, 1999, 18: 757-772
2. Cao PR, Liu CY, Li D. Autointoxication of tea (Camellia sinensis) and identification of its autotoxins [J]. Allelop J, 2011, 28: 155-165
3. Chen T, Lin S, Wu LK, Lin WX, Sampietro DA. Sampietro DA. Soil sickness: current status and future perspectives [J]. Allelop J, 2015, 36 (2): 167-196
4. Li W, Zheng ZC, Li TX, Zhang XZ, Wang YD, Yu HY, He SQ, Liu T. Effect of tea plantation age on the distribution of soil organic carbon fraction within water-stable aggregates in the hilly region of western Sichuang, China [J]. Catena, 2015, 133: 198-205
5. Zhang ZC, He XL, Li T X. Status and evaluation of the soil nutrients in tea plantation [J]. Proced Environ Sci, 2012, 12: 45-51
6. 王海斌, 陈晓婷. 连作土壤对铁观音茶树生理特性的影响[J]. 农产品加工, 2015 (10): 33-35 [Wang HB, Chen XT. Effect of tieguanyin continue cropping soil on tea seeding physiological characteristics [J]. Farm Prod Process, 2015 (10): 33-35]
7. Ye JH, Wang HB, Yang XY, Zhang Q, Li JY, Jia XL, Kong XH, He HB. Autotoxicity of the soil of consecutively cultured tea plantations on tea (Camellia sinensis) seedlings [J]. Acta Physiol Plant, 2016, 38: 195-104
8. Ye JH, Wang HB, Kong XH, Ding L, Chen XT, Jia XL, He HB. Soil sickness problem in tea plantations in Anxi county, Fujian province, China [J]. Allelop J, 2016, 39 (1): 19-28
9. Jia XL, Ye JH, Zhang Q, Li L, Hu YL, Zheng MZ, Hong YC, Wang FQ, Wu CZ. Soil toxicity and microbial community structure of Wuyi rock tea plantation [J]. Allelop J, 2017, 41 (1): 113-126
10. 王海斌, 叶江华, 陈晓婷, 贾小丽, 孔祥海. 连作茶树根际土壤酸度对土壤微生物的影响[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2016, 22 (3): 480-485 [Wang HB, Ye JH, Chen XT, Jia XL, Kong XH. Effect on soil microbes of the rhizospheric soil acidity of tea tree continuous cropping [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2016, 22 (3): 480-485]
11. 林生, 庄家强, 陈婷, 张爱加, 周明明, 林文雄. 福建安溪不同年限茶树土壤养分与微生物Biolog功能多样性分析[J]. 中国生态农业学报, 2012, 20 (11): 1471-1477 [Lin S, Zhuang JQ, Chen T, Zhang AJ, Zhou MM, Lin WX. Analysis of nutrient and microbial Biolog function diversity in tea soils with different planting years in Fujian Anxi [J]. Chin J Eco-Agric, 2012, 20 (11): 1471-1477]
12. 林生, 庄家强, 陈婷, 张爱加, 周明明, 林文雄. 不同年限茶树根际土壤微生物群落PLFA生物标记多样性分析[J]. 生态学杂志, 2013, 32 (1): 64-71 [Lin S, Zhuang JQ, Chen T, Zhang AJ, Zhou MM, Lin WX. Microbial diversity in rhizosphere soils of different planting year tea trees: an analysis with phospholipid fatty acid biomarkers [J]. Chin J Ecol, 2013, 32 (1): 64-71]
13. Fujii Y, Akihiro F, Syuntaro H. Rhizosphere soil method: a new bioassay to evaluate allelopathy in the field [C]//Proceedings of the fourth world congress on allelopathy, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, Australia, 2004: 490-492
14. 全国农业技术推广服务中心. 土壤分析技术规范[M]. 2版. 北京: 中国农业出版社, 2006: 56-57 [The National Agro-tech Extension and Service Center. Soil Analysis Specification [M]. 2nd ed. Beijing: China Agriculture Press, 2006: 56-57 ]
15. 中华全国供销合作总社. GBT8313-2008 茶叶中茶多酚和儿茶素类含量的检测方法[S]. 北京: 中国标准出版社, 2009 [All China Federation of Supply and Marketing Cooperatives. GBT8313-2008 Determination of total polyphenols and catechins content in tea [S]. Beijing: China Standards Press, 2009]
16. 国家食品质量安全监督检验中心. GBT23193-2008 茶叶中茶氨酸的测定高效液相色谱法[S]. 北京: 中国标准出版社, 2009 [National Foodquality Supervision and Inspection Center. GBT23193-2008 Determination of theanine in tea high-performance liquid chromatography [S]. Beijing: China Standards Press, 2009]
17. 中华人民共和国国家质量监督检验检疫总局. GBT8312-2013 茶咖啡碱测定[S]. 北京: 中国标准出版社, 2014 [General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People’s Republic of China. GBT8312-2013 Tea-Determination of caffeine content. Method using high-performance liquid chromatography [S]. Beijing: China Standards Press, 2014]
18. 张倩, 宗良纲, 曹丹, 肖峻, 蔡燕茹, 汪张懿. 江苏省典型茶园土壤酸化趋势及其制约因素研究[J]. 土壤, 2011, 43 (5): 751-757 [Zhang Q, Zong LG, Cao D, Xiao J, Cai YR, Wang ZY. Srudy on soil acidification and its restrictive factors of typical tea garden in Jiansu Province [J]. Soil, 2011, 43 (5): 751-757]
19. Mehra A, Baker CL. Leaching and bioavailability of aluminium, copper and manganese from tea (Camellia sinensis) [J]. Food Chem, 2007, 100: 1456-1463
20. Mohammad N, Samar M, Alireza I. Levels of Cu, Zn, Pb, and Cd in the leaves of the tea plant (Camellia sinensis) and in the soil of Gilan and Mazandaran farms of Iran [J]. Food Meas, 2014, 8: 277-282
21. Bardgett RD, Lovell RD, Hobbs PJ, Jarvis SC. Seasonal changes in soil microbial communities along a fertility gradient of temperate grasslands[J]. Soil Biol Biochem, 1999, 31: 1021-1030
22. 俞慎, 何振立, 陈国潮, 黄昌勇. 不同树龄茶树根层土壤化学特性及其对微生物区系和数量的影响[J]. 土壤学报, 2003, 40 (3): 433-439 [Yu S, He ZL, Chen GC, Huang CY. Soil chemical characteristics and their impacts on soil microflora in the root layer of tea plants with different cultivating ages [J]. Acta Pedol Sin, 2003, 40 (3): 433-439]
23. 王孝国, 胡文革, 陈登稳, 路李鹏, 杨迪. 新疆艾比湖精河入湖口湖滨湿地土壤微生物区系研究[J]. 西南农业学报, 2012, 25 (3): 972-976 [Wang XG, Hu WG, Chen DW, Lu LP, Yang D. Study on soil microflora in near-shore wetland of Jinghe Estuary, Lake Ebinur, Xingjiang [J]. SW China J Agric Sci, 2012, 25 (3): 972-976]
24. 谢龙莲, 陈秋波, 王真辉, 刘小香. 环境变化对土壤微生物的影响[J]. 热带农业科学, 2004, 24 (3): 39-47 [Xie LL, Chen QP, Wang ZH, Liu XX. A review of effects of soil environmental changes on soil microbe [J]. Chin J Trop Agric, 2004, 24 (3): 39-47]
25. Li XG, Ding CF, Hua K, Zhang TL, Zhang YN, Zhao L, Yang YR, Liu JG, Wang XX. Soil sickness of peanuts is attributable to take modifications in soil microbes induced by peanut root exudates rather than to direct allelopathy [J]. Soil Biol Biochem, 2014, 78: 149-159
26. Lin S, Huang PJJ, Chen T, Zhang ZY, Lin WX. Evaluation of allelopathic potential and identification of allelochemicals in Pseudostellariae heterophylla rhizosphere soil in different cropping patterns [J]. Allelop J, 2014, 33 (2): 151-162
27. Zhao YP, Wu LK, Chu LX, Yang YQ, Li ZF, Azeem S, Zhang ZX, Fang CX, Lin WX. Interaction of Pseudostellaria heterophylla with Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. heterophylla mediated by its root exudates in a consecutive monoculture system [J]. Sci Rep, 2015, 5: 8197
28.

相似文献/References:

[1]黄安平,韩宝瑜,包小村.茶刺蛾危害后茶树挥发性有机化合物释放变化[J].应用与环境生物学报,2011,17(06):819.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2011.00819]
 HUANG Anping,HAN Baoyu,BAO Xiaocun.Change in Volatile Organic Compounds from Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze Damaged by Iragoides fasciata Moore (Lepidoptera: Eucleidae)[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2011,17(06):819.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2011.00819]
[2]王海斌** 叶江华 陈晓婷 贾小丽 孔祥海.连作茶树根际土壤酸度对土壤微生物的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2016,22(03):480.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.09019]
 WANG Haibin**,YE Jianghua,CHEN Xiaoting,et al.Effect on soil microbes of the rhizospheric soil acidity of tea tree continuous cropping*[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2016,22(06):480.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.09019]
[3]孙平,章国营,向萍,等.茶树中莽草酸途径DHD/SDH基因的表达调控[J].应用与环境生物学报,2018,24(02):322.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.05014]
 SUN Ping,ZHANG Guoying,XIANG Ping,et al.Expression and regulation of the shikimic acid pathway gene DHD/SDH in tea plant (Camellia sinensis)[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2018,24(06):322.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.05014]
[4]王海斌,陈晓婷,丁力,等.不同树龄茶树根际土壤细菌多样性的T-RFLP分析[J].应用与环境生物学报,2018,24(04):775.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.10003]
 WANG Haibin,**,CHEN Xiaoting,et al.Using T-RFLP technology to analyze bacterial diversity in the rhizospheric soils of tea tree at different ages[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2018,24(06):775.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.10003]
[5]郭玉琼,黄道斌,常笑君,等.铁观音茶树体胚发生及其内源激素变化[J].应用与环境生物学报,2018,24(04):824.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.12027]
 GUO Yuqiong,HUANG Daobin,CHANG Xiaojun,et al.Somatic embryogenesis and the changes of endogenous hormones in Camellia sinensis ‘Tieguanyin’[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2018,24(06):824.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.12027]
[6]郭玉琼,王仲,朱晨,等.茶树CSD1基因及其启动子克隆与低温胁迫下的表达[J].应用与环境生物学报,2018,24(05):1122.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.02021]
 GUO Yuqiong,WANG Zhong,ZHU Chen,et al.Cloning and expression of the copper/zinc-superoxide dismutase 1 gene and its promoter under low temperature stress in Camellia sinensis[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2018,24(06):1122.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.02021]
[7]岳川,曹红利,王赞,等.茶树RING-finger型E3泛素连接酶基因CsSDIR的克隆与表达[J].应用与环境生物学报,2018,24(06):1375.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.09010]
 YUE Chuan,et al..Cloning and expression of RING-finger E3 ubiquitin ligase CsSDIR1 gene in tea plant (Camellia sinensis)[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2018,24(06):1375.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.09010]

更新日期/Last Update: 2018-12-25