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[1]郝莎莎,卫旭芳,侯智霞,等.文冠果根系瘤状物可培养内生细菌的特性[J].应用与环境生物学报,2018,24(04):766-774.[doi: 10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.01016]
 HAO Shasha,WEI Xufang,HOU Zhixia** & LI Shouke.Characteristics of culturable endophytic bacteria of Xanthoceras sorbifolia Bunge with tumor roots[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2018,24(04):766-774.[doi: 10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.01016]
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文冠果根系瘤状物可培养内生细菌的特性()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
24卷
期数:
2018年04期
页码:
766-774
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2018-08-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Characteristics of culturable endophytic bacteria of Xanthoceras sorbifolia Bunge with tumor roots
作者:
郝莎莎卫旭芳侯智霞李守科
1北京林业大学林学院省部共建森林培育与保护重点实验室 北京 100083 2山东沃奇农业开发有限公司 潍坊 262100
Author(s):
HAO Shasha1 WEI Xufang1 HOU Zhixia1** & LI Shouke2
1 College of Forestry, Beijing Forestry University, Key Laboratory for Silviculture and Conservation of Ministry of Education, Beijing 100083, China 2 Shandong Worth Agricultural Development Co.,Ltd., Weifang 262100, China
关键词:
文冠果根系瘤状物内生细菌铁载体吲哚乙酸(IAA)溶磷
Keywords:
Xanthoceras sorbifolia tumor root endophytic bacteria siderophore indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) phosphate solubilizing
分类号:
Q948.122.3 : S144
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.01016
摘要:
针对具有根系瘤状物着生的文冠果植株,纯化并鉴定由根系瘤状物分离出来的内生细菌,分别采用铬天青(CAS)平板检测法、Salkowski比色法、平板溶磷圈法以及钼锑抗比色法分析内生细菌的产铁载体能力、产吲哚乙酸(IAA)能力以及溶磷能力. 通过形态和分子鉴定,分离纯化出瘤状物特有的9个菌株,分别命名为XSB1-XSB9,其中6株属于芽孢杆菌属(Bacillus),2株属于短芽孢杆菌属(Brevibacillus),1株属于假单胞菌属(Pseudomonas). 这9个菌株均能产生铁载体,其中XSB3、XSB4、XSB8、XSB9为极高产量菌株,XSB5、XSB6为高产量菌株,高产量以上的菌株占供试菌株的66.7%;9个菌株均能产生IAA,不加色氨酸时其产IAA的能力为10-35 mg/L,加色氨酸后,产IAA的能力为15-50 mg/L,且菌株XSB2、XSB3、XSB4、XSB5、XSB9产IAA能力与不加色氨酸时相比差异显著(P < 0.05),说明IAA的合成可能是以色氨酸为前体的色氨酸合成途径;这9个菌株均有一定的溶磷能力,菌株XSB1、XSB2、XSB4、XSB5溶磷量极显著高于其他菌株(P < 0.01),其溶磷量在50-90 mg/L之间,溶磷能力可提高19-29倍. 综合分析认为菌株XSB4和XSB5产铁载体、产IAA以及溶磷能力都较强,值得作为备选菌株进行进一步的促生能力和促生机理研究;本研究结果可为文冠果根际微生物的开发利用、抗性机制、提高文冠果的栽培水平等方面的研究和实践提供基础数据和参考依据. (图6 表2 参40)
Abstract:
Xanthoceras sorbifolia Bunge with tumor roots was discovered, and the endophytic bacteria that were isolated from the tumor roots were purified and identified. This paper aimed to study the characteristics of endophytic bacteria. The CAS detection plate, Salkowski colorimetry, phosphate solubilizing circle, and molybdenum antimony spectrophotometry were used to analyze endophytic bacteria ability, which produced siderophores, secreted indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), and dissolved phosphorus. Strains were isolated from the tumor roots through morphological and molecular identification, and they were named XSB1-XSB9, of which 6 strains belonged to Bacillus sp., 2 strains belonged to Brevibacillus sp., and 1 strain belonged to Pseudomonas sp. All 9 strains produced siderophores; strains XSB3, XSB4, XSB8, and XSB9 were extremely high yielding, and strains XSB5 and XSB6 were high yielding. The strains with high yields were XSB3, XSB4, XSB5, XSB6, XSB8, and XSB9 and accounted for 66.7% of the tested strains. Nine strains secreted IAA; the concentration of IAA secreted by the strains that contained tryptophan was between 15-50 mg/L, and the concentration of IAA secreted by the one strain without tryptophan was between 10-35 mg/L. The IAA ability of the XSB2, XSB3, XSB4, XSB5, and XSB9 strains were significantly different (P < 0.05) after adding tryptophan. These results indicate that the synthesis of IAA may be the tryptophan synthesis pathway where tryptophan is used as a precursor. All 9 strains had some ability to dissolve phosphorus. The concentration of phosphate in the solubilizing strains, XSB1, XSB2, XSB4, and XSB5, were significantly higher than that in the other strains (P < 0.01), and the concentration of phosphate solubilizing was between 50-90 mg/L; the ability to dissolve phosphate was increased by 19-29 times. The XSB4 and XSB5 strains, which produced siderophores, secreted IAA and had a strong capacity to dissolve phosphorus, may be candidate strains for promoting growth. This research provides the foundation for the development and utilization of rhizosphere microbes to understand the resistance mechanisms and cultivation level of X. sorbifolia.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2018-08-25