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[1]郝鲜俊,韩阳,张又丹,等.基于主成分-聚类分析评价接种丛枝菌根真菌对采煤塌陷区土壤质量的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2018,24(04):789-796.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.01031]
 HAO Xianjun,HAN Yang,et al.Effect of inoculation with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on the quality of coal mining subsidence soil based on principal component-cluster analysis[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2018,24(04):789-796.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.01031]
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基于主成分-聚类分析评价接种丛枝菌根真菌对采煤塌陷区土壤质量的影响()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
24卷
期数:
2018年04期
页码:
789-796
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2018-08-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effect of inoculation with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on the quality of coal mining subsidence soil based on principal component-cluster analysis
作者:
郝鲜俊韩阳张又丹高文俊罗园园张凯珏
1山西农业大学资源环境学院 太谷 030801 2山西农业大学农业资源与环境国家级实验教学示范中心 太谷 030801 3山西农业大学动物科技学院 太谷 030801
Author(s):
HAO Xianjun1 2 HAN Yang1 2 ZHANG Youdan1 2 GAO Wenjun3** LUO Yuanyuan1 2 & ZHANG Kaijue1 2
1 College of Resources and Environment, Shanxi Agricultural University, Taigu 030801, China 2 National Experimental Teaching Demonstration Center for Agricultural Resources and Environment, Shanxi Agricultural University, Taigu 030801, China 3 College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Shanxi Agricultural University, Taigu 030801, China
关键词:
AM真菌采煤塌陷区土壤质量作物生长主成分分析聚类分析
Keywords:
arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi coal mining subsidence soil quality crop growth principal component analysis cluster analysis
分类号:
S154.4
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.01031
摘要:
以山西介休金山坡煤矿采煤塌陷土壤为对象,通过接种幼套球囊霉(Glomus etunicatum,G.e)、根内球囊霉(G. intraradice,G.i)和摩西球囊霉(G. mosseae,G.m)3种丛枝菌根(Arbuscular mycorrhiza,AM)真菌,研究不同菌种对采煤塌陷区土壤生物学特性及玉米生产性能的影响. 利用主成分-数值聚类方法对土壤和玉米的9个指标(脲酶、蔗糖酶、碱性磷酸酶、AM真菌丛枝丰度、总球囊霉素和易提取球囊霉素相关土壤蛋白以及玉米株高、茎粗和地上部干重)进行综合评价,筛选适合该矿区土壤复垦的最优菌种. 结果表明,通过主成分分析方法对9个指标进行降维,共提取2个主成分,累计贡献率达81.04%. 其中第1主成分以AM真菌丛枝丰度、球囊霉素相关土壤蛋白、脲酶、蔗糖酶及玉米株高、茎粗、地上部干重贡献最大,达到66.68%. 第2主成分以磷酸酶活性贡献最大,达到14.36%. 以两个主成分得分为新指标进行聚类得到接种不同AM真菌对塌陷矿区土壤培肥效果次序为G.e > G.i、G.m > CK. 因此接种G.e是改善该采煤塌陷区土壤质量和提高玉米生产性能的最优菌种. (图1 表7 参35)
Abstract:
Utilizing a coal mine subsidence soil in Jingshanpo Mining, Jiexiu City, Shanxi Province, the effects of inoculation with arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi, Glomus etunicatum (G. e), G. intraradices (G. i), and G. mosseae (G. m) on reclamation soil biological characteristics and corn production performance were studied. Principal component-cluster analysis was conducted with nine items of soil and maize growth (three types of soil enzymes: urease, alkaline phosphatase, and invertase; abundance of AM fungi; total and easily extractable glomalin-related soil protein; and three parameters of maize growth: plant height, stem diameter, and shoot dry weight) as evaluation indices to comprehensively evaluate the effects of AM fungi inoculation on reclamation of soil fertility in a coal mining subsidence area, so that the most dominant species of AM fungi was screened scientifically and reasonably. The two principal components that reflected 81.04% of the original information quantity were extracted from the initial nine indices. Within the primary group of principal components, AM abundance, total glomalin-related soil protein, easily extractable glomalin-related soil protein, urease activity, invertase activity, plant height, stem diameter, and shoot dry weight, were the major contributors, accounting for a contribution of 66.68%. The secondary principal component, phosphatase activity, accounted for the major contribution of 14.36%. Based on the scores from the two principal components, the hierarchical cluster analysis revealed that the effects of inoculation with AM fungi on coal mining soil quality was in the order of G. e > G. i, G. m > control check (CK), i.e., G. e was the most dominant species for improving the coal mining subsidence soil quality and benefiting maize growth, whereas G. i and G. m could be an alternative choice when G. e was not available, which had a greater effect than that of CK on reclaimed soil fertility.

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36

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更新日期/Last Update: 2018-08-25