|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]李宗珍,张宿义,许德富,等.泸州老窖古酿酒作坊夏季空气真菌分布特征[J].应用与环境生物学报,2010,16(01):109-113.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2010.00109]
 LI Zongzhen,ZHANG Suyi,XU Defu,et al.Distribution Characteristics of Airborne Fungi in Summer in Brewage Workshops of Luzhoulaojiao[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2010,16(01):109-113.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2010.00109]
点击复制

泸州老窖古酿酒作坊夏季空气真菌分布特征()
分享到:

《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
16卷
期数:
2010年01期
页码:
109-113
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2010-02-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Distribution Characteristics of Airborne Fungi in Summer in Brewage Workshops of Luzhoulaojiao
作者:
李宗珍 张宿义 许德富 税梁扬 刘光烨
(1中国科学院成都生物研究所 成都 610041)
(2泸州老窖股份有限公司 泸州 646000)
(3中国科学院研究生院 北京 100049)
Author(s):
LI Zongzhen ZHANG Suyi XU Defu SHUI Liangyang LIU Guangye
(1Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China)
(2Luzhoulaojiao Co., Ltd., Luzhou 646000, Sichuan, China)
(3Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049)
关键词:
泸州老窖酿酒作坊空气真菌真菌种群分布
Keywords:
Luzhoulaojiao brewage workshop airborne fungi fungi population distribution
分类号:
Q938.1 : TS262.31
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2010.00109
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
通过定点取样研究了泸州老窖古酿酒作坊群中3个代表性作坊及其周围环境夏季空气真菌的群落结构和分布特征. 结果表明:(1)泸州老窖3个古作坊空气真菌平均浓度为(3.52×103±0.27×103) CFU/m3,变幅在0.94×103 ~7.01×103 CFU/m3之间;3个作坊内外环境真菌浓度不一,营沟头作坊内平均值高于作坊外(P<0.05),什字头作坊和新街子作坊内则低于作坊外(P<0.05).(2)作坊内的真菌种类略低于作坊外. 在古酿酒作坊内共检测出真菌14个类属,优势种群为曲霉属(Aspergillus)、酵母菌(Yeasts)、青霉属(Penicillum)和无孢菌(Nonsporing),芽枝霉属(Cladosporium)和短梗霉属(Aureobasidiu)分别在营沟头和什字头作坊占有优势;作坊外检测出真菌16个类属,优势种群为青霉属、无孢菌、芽枝霉属、曲霉属和短梗霉属。其中青霉属和无孢菌在3个作坊内外环境均无显著差异.(3)古酿酒作坊内、外环境的空气真菌表现出明显的交流现象. 在作坊内,青霉属、芽枝霉属、链格霉属(Alternaria)等杂菌占有一定比例;而在作坊外,曲霉属、根霉属(Rhizopus)、酵母菌等酿酒功能菌浓度处于相对较高水平. 图1 表3 参23
Abstract:
The community structure and distribution of airborne fungi in and around the representative brewage workshops of Luzhoulaojiao were sampled and studied in summer. The results showed: (1) The concentration of airborne fungi in three old workshops ranged from 0.94×103 CFU/m3 to 7.01×103 CFU/m3, with the average of (3.52×103±0.27×103) CFU/m3. The fungal concentration varied significantly between the inside and outside of the three workshops (P<0.05). The average concentration of the fungi inside was found significantly larger than that outside the Yinggoutou workshop (P<0.05), but it was reversed in the Shenzitou and Xinjiezi workshops; (2) The genera of the fungi inside were slightly fewer than those outside. 14 and 16 genera of fungi were identified inside and outside the workshops, respectively. The dominant fungi inside included Aspergillus, yeasts, Penicillum and nonsporing fungi, and those outside were Penicillum, nonsporing, Cladosporium, Aspergillus and Aureobasidiu. There was no significant difference for Penicillum and nonsporing between the inside and outside of the three workshops (P<0.05); (3) The airborne fungi inside and outside obviously showed exchanging phenomenon. The concentrations of useless fungi such as Penicillum, Cladosporium and Alternaria appearing inside, and usefull fungi such as Aspergillus, Rhizopus and yeasts outside were found both at relatively high levels. Fig 1, Tab 3, Ref 23

参考文献/References:

1 Chen HG (陈皓文), Hong XG (洪旭光). Situation on indoor air borne microbes of Chinese great wall station, Antarctica. Chin J Appl Environl Biol (应用与环境生物学报), 2000, 6 (1): 90~92
2 Li DW, Kendrick B. Functional relationships between airborne fungal spores and environmental factors in Kitchener-Waterlo, Ontario, as detected by Canonical correspondence analysis. Grana, 1994, 33: 166~176
3 Martinez K, Sheehy J, Jone J. Microbial containment in conventional fermentation processes. Appl Ind Hyg, 1988, 3: 177~181
4 陆家云. 植物病原真菌学. 北京: 中国农业出版社, 2001. 392~397
5 Garrett MH, Rayment PR, Hooper MA. Indoor airborne fungal spores, house dampness and associations with environmental factors and respiratory health in children. Clin & Exp Allergy, 1998, 28 (4): 459~671
6 邢来君, 李明春. 普通真菌学. 北京: 高等教育出版社, 1999
7 Luo HB (罗惠波), Tang YM (唐玉明), Zhuo YC (卓毓崇). Study on airborne microbes in koji-making workshops and impact on koji quality. China Brewing (中国酿造), 2004 (8): 19~22
8 Li T (李涛). Sampling of airborne microbes and its developing tendency. Chin J Health Lab Technol (中国卫生检验杂志), 2003, 13 (5): 538~539
9 中国科学院微生物研究所《常见与常用真菌》编写组. 常见与常用真菌. 北京: 科学出版社, 1978
10 戴芳澜. 中国真菌总汇. 北京: 科学出版社, 1987
11 Barnett, Horace Leslie/ Hunter, Barry B. Illustrated Genera of Imperfect Fungi. 3rd ed. Beijing, China (北京): Science Press (科学出版社), 1977. 1~240
12 Ye ST (叶世泰), Qiao BS (乔秉善), Lu YJ (路英杰). China Allergic Aeromycology. Beijing, China (北京): People’s Medical Publishing House, 1992. 1~262
13 Rosas I, Calderon C, Martinez L, Ulloa M, Lacey J. Indoor and outdoor airborne fungal propagule concentrations in Mexico City. Aerobiologia, 1997, 13 (1): 23~30
14 Marchisio VF, Airaudi D. Temporal trends of the airbornefungi and their functional relations with the environment in a suburban site. Mycologia, 2001, 93 (5): 831~840
15 Xie HL (谢慧玲), Li SR (李树人), Yuan SY (袁秀云), Liu GW (刘国伟), Gao XM (高雪梅), Cao Y (曹瑜), Jia J (贾静). Study on the disinfection of plant volatile secretion to the micro-organism content in the air. J Henan Agric Univ (河南农业大学学报), 1999, 33 (2): 127~133
16 Ren QW (任启文), Wang C (王成), Yang Y (杨颖). Study on airborne concentration of urban-Greenbehs in Beijing Yuan Dynasty Capital City Wall Relics Park. J Arid Land Resourc & Environ (干旱区资源与环境), 2007, 21 (4): 80~83
17 Suwaine AS, Hasnain SM, Bahkali AH. Viable airborne fungi in Riyadh. Saudi Arabia Aerobiol, 1999, 15: 121~130
18 Hargreaves M, Parappukkaran S, Morawska L. A pilot investigation into association between indoor airborne fungal and non-biological panicle concentrations in residential houses in Brisbane, Australia. Sci Total Environ, 2003, 312 (1~3): 89~101
19 Brock TD. The study of microorganisms in situ: Progress and problems. Symp Soc Gene Microbiol, 1987, 41: 1~17
20 Yu XH (于玺华). Modern Air Microbiology. Beijing, China (北京): People’s Military Medical Press, 2002. 81~97, 181~191, 331~348
21 Fang ZG (方治国), Ouyang ZY (欧阳志云), Hu LF (胡利锋), Wang XK (王效科), Miao H (苗鸿). Progresses of airborne microbial communities in urban ecosystem. Acta Ecol (生态学报),2004,24 (2): 315~322
22 Shelton BG, Kirkland KH, Flander WD, Morris GK. Profiles of airborne fungi in buildings and outdoor environments in the United States. Appl & Environ Microbiol, 2002, 68 (4): 1743~1753
23 Fu CL (符春兰), He WH (何文华), Jia JH (贾建华), Sun ZM (孙增美), Yuan W (元伟), Zhou YG (周元光). Special investigation of fungi form four cities of China. Microbiology (微生物学通报), 2000, 27 (4): 264~269

相似文献/References:

[1]王俪鲆,张良,刘来雁,等.泸州古酿酒窖池中两株产甲烷杆菌比较研究[J].应用与环境生物学报,2010,16(06):840.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2010.00840]
 WANG Liping,ZHANG Liang,LIU Laiyan,et al.Comparative Study of Two Methanobacterium Strains in the Ancient Fermentation Pits of Luzhou[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2010,16(01):840.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2010.00840]

更新日期/Last Update: 2010-02-09