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[1]樊月,陈志为,潘云龙,等.林龄和坡位对杉桐混交林化学计量特征的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2019,25(02):246-253.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.05029]
 FAN Yue,CHEN Zhiwei,et al.Effects of stand, age, and slope position on the stoichiometric characteristics of the Cunninghamia lanceolata-Aleurites montana mixed forest[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2019,25(02):246-253.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.05029]
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林龄和坡位对杉桐混交林化学计量特征的影响()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
25卷
期数:
2019年02期
页码:
246-253
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2019-04-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of stand, age, and slope position on the stoichiometric characteristics of the Cunninghamia lanceolata-Aleurites montana mixed forest
作者:
樊月陈志为潘云龙洪滔苏少川吴承祯林晗
1福建农林大学林学院 福州 350002 2福建省高校森林生态系统过程与经营重点实验室 福州 350002 3福建省南平市建阳区林业局 建阳 354200 4武夷学院 南平 354300
Author(s):
FAN Yue1 2 CHEN Zhiwei12 PAN Yunlong1 2 HONG Tao1 2 SU Shaochuan3 WU Chengzhen4 & LIN Han1 2*
1 College of Forestry, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China 2 Key Laboratory for Forest Ecosystem Processes and Management in Fujian Province, Fuzhou 350002, China 3 Jianyang Forestry Adiministration, Jianyang 354200, China 4 Wuyi Universiy, Nanping 354300, China
关键词:
千年桐杉木化学计量学林龄坡位
Keywords:
Aleurites montana Cunninghamia lanceolata ecological stoichiometry stand age slope position
分类号:
S718.554
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.05029
摘要:
为了解闽北山地针阔混交林的养分循环,以7-9年生不同坡位(上坡、中坡、下坡)的杉木(Cunninghamia lanceolata)-千年桐(Aleurites montana)混交林的鲜叶、凋落叶及0-10 cm土壤层的养分含量为研究对象,分析不同林龄、不同坡位的碳(C)、氮(N)、磷(P)含量及化学计量比差异,探讨杉桐混交林随林龄和坡位变化的化学计量特征. 结果表明:(1)两种树种C、N、P 含量基本表现为叶片>凋落叶>土壤,且在3个库之间差异显著. (2)混交林叶片N含量较低、P含量较高,凋落叶N、P含量均较低,土壤C、N含量较高而P含量偏低,叶片中较高的P含量是对土壤中相应养分含量缺乏的适应策略. (3)千年桐叶片的C、N、P及杉木的N、P均表现为9年生最高,凋落叶随林龄变化与叶片完全一致;混交林土壤P含量随林龄增加而增大. (4)混交林土壤有机C含量、N含量随坡位变化表现为上坡>中坡>下坡. 结合本项目组的前期研究发现,该研究区幼龄期受N和P的共同限制,而在中龄期受N限制减缓,仅受P元素的限制,表明混交林对林木的养分限制状况有一定的改善作用;结果可为我国南方地区针阔叶混交林的可持续经营提供科学依据. (图3 表4 参43)
Abstract:
To investigate the ecological stoichiometry of fresh leaves, litter, and the top soil layer (0-10 cm) in a mixed forest, a study was conducted on 7- to 9-year-old Cunninghamia lanceolata - Aleurites montana mixed forests in different slope positions (up-, mid-, and down-slope). The results showed that: (1) The carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and phosphorus (P) content in both species were highest in leaves, followed by litter, and lowest in soil, except for the leaves of Aleurites montana, where the content was higher in litter compared to leaves. There were significant differences in C, N, and P content of leaves, litter, and soil. (2) Leaves had a low N content and a high P content. In litter, both the N and P content were low. In soil, the C and N content were high, while the P content was low. The high P content in leaves is an adaptive strategy for lack of nutrient content in the soil. (3) The C, N, and P content were high in leaves of Cunninghamia lanceolate, as were the N and P content in leaves of Aleurites montana in 9-year-old forest stands. The content of these nutrients in the litter was consistent with the leaf content and with the change of stand age, indicating that there is a close relationship between leaves and litter. The soil P content in the mixed forest increased with an increase in stand age. (4) The soil organic C and N content were the highest in the upper slope, followed by the middle slope, and lowest in the lower slope. (5) Compared to previous studies, the 3- to 5-year-old stands in the research area were limited in both N and P. The mid-maturation forest was limited in P only. These results indicate that the mixed forest experienced some improvements regarding the nutrient limitation. Determination of the C, N, and P stoichiometric characteristics of the leaves, litter, and soil in Cunninghamia lanceolate-Aleurites montana mixed forests can provide scientific guidance for the sustainable management of coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forests in southern China.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2019-04-25