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[1]罗禹,张添植,辜晓英,等.泸州和安岳枳壳中的低极性化学成分[J].应用与环境生物学报,2019,25(02):432-437.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.05037]
 LUO Yu,ZHANG Tianzhi,GU Xiaoying & SHUI Pixian**.The low polar components in Fructus aurantii from Luzhou and Anyue[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2019,25(02):432-437.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.05037]
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泸州和安岳枳壳中的低极性化学成分
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
25卷
期数:
2019年02期
页码:
432-437
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2019-04-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
The low polar components in Fructus aurantii from Luzhou and Anyue
作者:
罗禹张添植辜晓英税丕先
1西南医科大学药学院 泸州 646000 2泸州宇龙枳壳枳实研究院 泸州 646000
Author(s):
LUO Yu1 ZHANG Tianzhi2 GU Xiaoying1 & SHUI Pixian1**
1 School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southwest Medical University, Luzhou 646000, China 2 Luzhou Yulong Fructus Aurantii Research Institute, Luzhou 646000, China
关键词:
枳壳低极性成分脂肪酸挥发油气相色谱-质谱联用
Keywords:
Fructus aurantii low polar component fatty acid volatile oil GC-MS
分类号:
R284
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.05037
摘要:
为分析比较泸州和安岳两地产枳壳中的低极性成分特别是脂肪酸和挥发油的组成,分别采用有机溶剂提取法和水蒸气蒸馏法提取泸州和安岳枳壳中的低极性成分,运用气质联用技术进行成分分析,所得成分的质谱数据经数据库检索鉴定,并应用面积归一化法计算各成分的相对含量. 结果显示:(1)以石油醚为溶剂提取枳壳浸膏,泸州枳壳鉴定出61种化学成分,安岳枳壳鉴定出18种化学成分,成分以脂肪酸、烷烃为主,两种枳壳中含量最高的成分均为十八碳二烯酸;(2)以水蒸气蒸馏法提取枳壳挥发油,泸州枳壳鉴定出65种化学成分,安岳枳壳鉴定出81种化学成分,以小分子烯、醇、萜类物质为主,两种枳壳中含量最高的成分均为d-柠檬烯. 本研究表明不同方法提取出的化学成分种类差异明显;泸州和安岳两地产两种枳壳的脂肪酸组成具有较大的差异;挥发性成分种类相似,其含量组成有一定差异;结果可为四川地区枳壳的开发利用提供数据基础. (表3 参20)
Abstract:
To analyze and compare the composition of the low polar components in Fructus aurantii from Luzhou and Anyue, especially the composition of fatty acids and volatile oils, organic solvent extraction and steam distillation methods were used to extract the low polar components in F. aurantii. The components were analyzed by GC-MS. The mass spectra of the components were retrieved by database and identified, and the relative content of each component was calculated by the area normalization method. The following results were obtained: 1) From the petroleum ether extract of F. aurantii, 61 and 18 compounds were identified in samples from Luzhou and Anyue, respectively, including fatty acids and alkanes. Octadecadienoic acid was the compound with the highest content in both samples. 2) From the volatile oil of F. aurantii extracted by the steam distillation method, 65 and 81 compounds were separately identified in the samples from Luzhou and Anyue, respectively, including small molecules such as alkenes, alcohols, and terpenoids. D-Limonene was the compound with the highest content of F. aurantii from the two origins. This study showed that the difference in chemical composition extracted by the different methods was significant. The content of fatty acids in F. aurantii from Luzhou and Anyue was quite different. The composition of volatile oil was similar, whereas the content was different. This study provides a reference basis for the development of F. aurantii from Luzhou and Anyue.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2019-04-25