|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]牛莉芹.人类干扰对五台山森林群落结构的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2019,25(02):300-312.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.06027]
 NIU Liqin**.Effects of anthropogenic disturbance on forest community structure in Wutai Mountain, China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2019,25(02):300-312.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.06027]
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人类干扰对五台山森林群落结构的影响
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
25卷
期数:
2019年02期
页码:
300-312
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2019-04-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of anthropogenic disturbance on forest community structure in Wutai Mountain, China
作者:
牛莉芹
山西财经大学环境经济学院 太原 030006
Author(s):
NIU Liqin**
College of Environment Economics, Shanxi University of Finance & Economics, Taiyuan 030006, China
关键词:
人类干扰群落结构生活型生态型相似系数
Keywords:
anthropogenic disturbance community structure life-form ecotype similarity coefficient
分类号:
X171.1 : Q948.123
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.06027
摘要:
为识别人类干扰对森林群落结构的影响,以五台山旅游活动干扰区以及非干扰区为研究区域,通过样方设置及生态学调查取样,从植物种科属特性、生活型、生态型以及群落结构等方面探讨两个不同研究区域森林群落的生态差异. 结果表明:(1)旅游干扰区出现的属和植物种数明显大于非干扰区. (2)两个不同研究区域植物属和种均是温带分布类型所占比例最高,且旅游干扰区植物种区系成分相对复杂. (3)高位芽植物在非干扰区占优势,比例最高达75%,地上芽、地面芽和一年生植物在干扰区占优势;中生植物在两个不同区域中均占有明显生态优势. (4)从群落Ⅰ-Ⅷ,生境质量逐渐提高,灌木层发生“从有到无”的变化. 从群落Ⅸ-XIII,植被向顶级群落演替,灌木层发生“从有到无”的变化. 21个主要生态优势种在两个不同区域均呈现集群分布特性. (5)两个不同研究区域群落间存在明显生态差异. 总体来说,过度旅游活动导致森林群落生境质量有一定程度的下降,但适度干扰却使植物种丰富度增加. (图4 表5 参65)
Abstract:
To understand the effects of anthropogenic disturbance on a forest community structure, some quadrats and ecological samples were analyzed in a disturbed tourism region and an undisturbed region in the Wutai mountains. The samples, describing the plant species, families, genera, flora, life forms, ecological forms, and community structures, were investigated to study the ecological differences of the forest community. The results showed that: (1) The number of plant genera and species found in the disturbed region was higher than that in the undisturbed region. (2) The plant genera and species of temperate distribution types were abundant in both the disturbed and undisturbed region, and the flora was more complex in the disturbed region. (3) The phanerophytes were dominant in the undisturbed region, with a maximum proportion of 75%; however, in the disturbed region, chamaephytes, hemicryptophytes, and therophytes displayed ecological dominance. The mesophytes were distinctly dominant in both regions. (4) From community Ⅰ to community Ⅷ, the habitat gradually improved, and shrub layers appeared. From community Ⅸ to community XIII, the variation in shrub layers was very low, contrary to the disturbed regions, where forest communities reached a maximum in variation. Twenty-one ecologically dominant species showed the characteristics of cluster distribution in both regions. (5) The ecological differences of the communities were significant between different regions. In summary, the habitat of community declined under excessive tourism action. However, moderate tourism disturbance was beneficial to the increase in plant species richness.

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