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[1]崔志松,李倩,高伟,等.复合菌液在模拟溢油岸滩修复中的应用[J].应用与环境生物学报,2013,19(02):324-329.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00324]
 CUI Zhisong,LI Qian,GAO Wei,et al.Applicability of Composite Bacterial Culture in Bioremediation of Simulated Oil-polluted Beach[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2013,19(02):324-329.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00324]
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复合菌液在模拟溢油岸滩修复中的应用()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
19卷
期数:
2013年02期
页码:
324-329
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2013-04-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Applicability of Composite Bacterial Culture in Bioremediation of Simulated Oil-polluted Beach
作者:
崔志松李倩高伟杨佰娟韩彬张魁英周文俊杨官品郑立
(1中国海洋大学海洋生命学院 青岛 266003)
(2国家海洋局第一海洋研究所海洋生态研究中心 青岛 266061)
Author(s):
CUI Zhisong LI Qian GAO Wei YANG Baijuan HAN Bin ZHANG Kuiying ZHOU Wenjun YANG Guanpin ZHENG Li
(1College of Marine Life, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266063, Shandong, China)
(2Marine Ecology Research Center, The First Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Qingdao 266061, Shandong, China)
关键词:
复合菌液海洋溢油生物修复石油降解菌群岸滩缓释肥可溶性营养盐
Keywords:
composite bacterial culture oil spill bioremediation oil-degrading bacterial community beach slow release fertilizer dissolved nutritional salt
分类号:
X55 : X172
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00324
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为检验基于海洋石油降解菌群DC10的复合菌液(专利号ZL 201010223463.6)的除油能力,依据降解指数n-C17/Pr、n-C18/Ph计算石油烃降解率,监测海水中石油烃和氮、磷的浓度变化,综合评价模拟溢油岸滩的生物修复效果. 结果显示,模拟溢油岸滩条件下,添加了复合菌液和可溶性营养盐的处理28 d后石油烃降解率分别为43.47%和45.07%,与自然风化相比提高了24.70%和26.40%;添加复合菌液和缓释肥的处理28 d后石油烃降解率分别为75.65%和78.28%,与自然风化相比提高了56.88%和59.61%. 结果表明,复合菌液具有较好的降解效果,缓释肥对生物降解的促进效应优于可溶性营养盐;研究结果为复合菌液进一步在实际溢油岸滩生物修复中的应用奠定了基础. 图5 表2 参22
Abstract:
In order to verify the oil-removal capability of a composite bacterial culture (patent no. ZL 201010223463.6) derived from marine oil-degrading bacterial community DC10, the culture was applied to remediate a simulated oil-polluted beach. The extent of bioremediation was assessed by analyzing the degradation rates of petroleum hydrocarbons calculated by the decline of n-C17/Pr and n-C18/Ph, and monitoring the concentration of dissolved oil, nitrogen and phosphorus in sea water. In the treatment supplemented with composite bacterial culture and dissolved nutritional salts, the n-C17/Pr and n-C18/Ph degradation rates were 43.47% and 45.07% in 28 days, respectively, 24.70% and 26.40% higher than those in natural weathering treatment. In the treatment supplemented with composite bacterial culture and slow release fertilizer, the n-C17/Pr and n-C18/Ph degradation rates were 75.65% and 78.28% in 28 days, respectively, 56.88% and 59.61% higer than those in natural weathering treatment. These findings showed that the composite bacterial culture was applicable in remediating simulated oil-polluted beach and such applicability could be more significantly enhanced by slow releasing fertilizer as compared with dissolved nutritional salts. Our patented composite bacterial culture promises for remediating real oil-contaminated beach. Fig 5, Tab 2, Ref 22

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
国家自然科学基金项目(40906062,41076108)以及国家海洋局海洋一所基本科研业务费专项资金(2012T07)、国家海洋局海洋生物遗传资源重点实验室开放基金(HY201106)和近岸海域生态环境重点实验室开放基金(201008)资助
更新日期/Last Update: 2013-05-03