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[1]李丹雄,杨建英,史常青,等. 汶川地震滑坡迹地植被恢复中优势种的种间关联性[J].应用与环境生物学报,2014,20(05):938-943.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.03016]
 LI Danxiong,YANG Jianying,SHI Changqing,et al. Interspecific association of dominant species in the vegetation recovery process after landslide of Wenchuan Earthquake[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2014,20(05):938-943.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.03016]
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 汶川地震滑坡迹地植被恢复中优势种的种间关联性()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
20卷
期数:
2014年05期
页码:
938-943
栏目:
研究简报
出版日期:
2014-10-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
 Interspecific association of dominant species in the vegetation recovery process after landslide of Wenchuan Earthquake
作者:
 李丹雄杨建英史常青周进王兴宇王新伏凯赵廷宁
 1北京林业大学水土保持与荒漠化防治教育部重点实验室 北京 100083
2四川省北川林业局 绵阳 622750
Author(s):
 LI Danxiong YANG Jianying SHI Changqing ZHOU Jin WANG Xingyu WANG Xin FU Kai ZHAO Tingning
 1Key Laboratory of Soil and Water Conservation and Desertification Combating of the Ministry of Education, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
2Beichuan County Forestry Bureau, Beichuan 622750, China
关键词:
 汶川地震北川滑坡植被恢复优势种种间联结性
Keywords:
 Wenchuan Earthquake Beichuan landslide vegetation restoration dominant species interspecific association
分类号:
Q948.12+2.1 : X171.4 (271)
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.03016
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为加快汶川地震滑坡迹地的植被恢复进程,基于2 × 2列联表及优势种的重要值,采用χ?检验和Spearman秩相关分析方法,研究不同滑坡迹地的优势种及其种间联结性与相关性,找出适宜种及其组合. 结果如下:(1)研究区植物群落整体的联结性很紧密(VR = 4.25),种间关系稳定,周边未受损样地的Simpson多样性指数和丰富度指数均比自然恢复样地和人工恢复样地的高. (2)研究区有48种优势种,以草本植物为主,菊科和禾本科的植物较多;自然恢复样地和人工恢复样地的优势种以草本为主,两者的植物种相似程度很高,达到0.30,而未受损样地的则以乔木为主,占43.8%. (3)在χ?种间联结性及Spearman秩相关分析中,显著以上正相关的种对仅占所有种对的6.63%及9.01%. (4)筛选出刺槐-野蔷薇-雀儿舌头和马桑-醉鱼草-水麻两组植物组合供研究区在地震滑坡迹地进行人工植被恢复时使用. 本研究表明,汶川地震滑坡迹地的植被处于演替初期,建议在植被恢复初期时增加植物种数,种植以灌木和小乔木为主的植物.
Abstract:
This paper aimed to provide scientific advice on species selection and combination in order to shorten the process of vegetation restoration in the landslide sites of Wenchuan Earthquake. Based on 2 × 2 contingency tables and the importance values of dominant species, χ?-test and Spearman rank correlation analysis were used to find out interspecific association and connections among these dominant species of different landslide sites, so that the available species and plant communities for the area of vegetation restoration could be searched out. Interspecific association of the whole vegetation community in the study area was shown to be significant (VR = 4.25) and stable. Simpson diversity index and Richness index of the non-damaged sample area were higher than the landslide disaster sample areas after natural recovery or artificial restoration. All together 48 kinds of dominant species were found out in the study area, with the majority herbaceous Compositae and Gramineae. Landslide disaster sample areas after natural recovery and artificial restoration were both dominated by herbaceous species, with a similar index of 0.30. The non-damaged sample area was dominated by trees (43.8%). According to χ?-test, the positive association of 6.63% of the total species-pairs was significant; according to Spearman rank correlation analysis, the positive association of 9.01% of the total species-pairs was significant. At last, two combinations of species were suggested in artificial restoration of landslide sites, namely, “Robinia pseudoacacia - Rosa multiflora - Leptopus chinensis” and “Coriaria nepalensis - Buddleja lindleyana - Debregeasia orientalis”. The study concluded that the earthquake landslide is now in the early vegetation succession. Based on the results we also advocate that shrubs and small trees be planted at the beginning of vegetation restoration.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
 国家林业公益性行业科研专项项目(201104109)资助 Supported by the National Forestry Public Project of China (201104109)
更新日期/Last Update: 2014-10-30