|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]谢雨彤,唐骄萍,李贤伟,等.低效柏木林窗改造对土壤动物多样性的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2016,22(05):800-807.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.05040]
 XIE Yutong,TANG Jiaoping,LI Xianwei**,et al.Effect of forest gaps of low efficiency Cupressus funebris on soil fauna diversity*[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2016,22(05):800-807.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.05040]
点击复制

低效柏木林窗改造对土壤动物多样性的影响()
分享到:

《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
22卷
期数:
2016年05期
页码:
800-807
栏目:
生态系统的环境互作与表生过程专栏
出版日期:
2016-10-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effect of forest gaps of low efficiency Cupressus funebris on soil fauna diversity*
作者:
谢雨彤唐骄萍李贤伟周义贵范川余波张伟
1四川农业大学林学院 成都 611130 2四川农业大学研究生院 成都 611130 3四川省林业调查规划院 成都 610081 4四川省林业工作站 成都 610036
Author(s):
XIE Yutong1 TANG Jiaoping2 LI Xianwei1** ZHOU Yigui3 FAN Chuan1 YU Bo4 & ZHANG Wei1
1College of Forestry, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China 2Graduate School of Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China 3Sichuan Forestry Inventory and Planning Institute, Chengdu 610081, China 4Forestry Working Station of Sichuan, Chengdu 610036, China
关键词:
川中丘陵区柏木低效林林窗土壤理化性质土壤动物多样性
Keywords:
hilly region of central Sichuan Cupressus funebris low efficiency forest forest gap soil physicochemical properties soil fauna diversity
分类号:
S756.5??: S154.5
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.05040
摘要:
在川中丘陵区柏木低效人工林中,选择人工采伐形成的4种不同大小的林窗(50 m2、100 m2、150 m2、200 m2),以未改造的柏木纯林为对照,研究不同大小林窗内土壤理化性质、土壤动物群落数量和多样性特征情况. 结果显示:150 m2林窗对土壤容重、总孔隙度、毛管孔隙度和土壤含水量改善效果最好,并且有利于土壤有机质、全磷和有效磷含量的积累;对照样地和4种不同面积林窗共捕获土壤动物3 072头,分属4门8纲23目41科,昆虫纲为优势种群,占类群总数的47.8%,其中150 m2林窗下土壤动物数量和多样性最高. 土壤动物与环境因素相关分析表明,土壤含水量、毛管孔隙度、总孔隙度、水解氮和有效磷与土壤动物多样性关系密切. 主成分分析表明,150 m2林窗对土壤理化性质和土壤动物多样性综合影响效果最好,其次是200 m2林窗和100 m2林窗,50 m2林窗的改良效果不明显. 上述结果表明,林窗式改造对柏木低效林土壤理化性质、土壤动物群落数量和多样性特征产生了一定影响,并且随林窗面积的不同而发生变化;综合来看150 m2林窗的改造效果最佳. (图5 表5 参39)
Abstract:
In order to provide a theoretical reference for artificial forest gaps in the hilly region of central Sichuan and a theoretical basis for the sustainable management of cypress plantation, we chose for field investigation 4 kinds of artificial forest gaps with different sizes (50 m2, 100 m2, 150 m2 and 200 m2) from a low efficiency Cupressus funebris plantation in the hilly region of central Sichuan. We compared the forest gaps and low efficiency C. funebris for soil physicochemical properties and soil faunal diversity. The results showed that 150 m2 forest gap had the best restoration effect on soil bulk density, soil total porosity, capillary porosity and soil water content. The 150 m2 forest gap was conducive to increase soil organic matter, total phosphorus and available phosphorus content. A total of 3072 individuals were collected, belonging to 4 phyla, 8 classes, 32 orders and 41 families. One dominant group was Class Insecta, accounting for 47.8% of the total number of soil fauna collected. The number and diversity of soil fauna under 150 m2 forest gap was the highest. The correlation analysis showed soil fauna diversity as closely related to the soil water content, capillary porosity, total porosity, hydrolysis of nitrogen and available phosphorus. The result of the principal component analysis (PCA) indicated that the 150 m2 forest gap had the best comprehensive improvement of the soil physicochemical properties and soil fauna, followed by 200 m2 and 100 m2 forest gaps; the improvement effect of 50 m2 forest gap was not obvious. The results suggest that gaps in low efficiency C. funebris forests could affect the soil physicochemical properties and diversity of soil fauna; among all four different sizes, the 150 m2 forest gap had the best effect on soil physicochemical properties and soil fauna diversity.

参考文献/References:

1 黄从德, 张健, 杨万勤, 张国庆. 四川人工林生态系统碳储量特征[J]. 应用生态学报, 2008, 19 (8): 1644-1650 [Huang CD, Zhang J, Yang WQ, Zhang GQ. Characteristics of carbon stock in artificial forest ecosystem in Sichuan Province of China [J]. Chin J Appl Ecol, 2008, 19 (8): 1644-1650] 2 吴鹏飞, 朱波. 川中丘陵区人工桤柏混交林的研究进展[J]. 水土保持研究, 2005, 12 (6): 8-11 [Wu PF, Zhu B. Reviews on research of the alder-cypress mixed plantations in the hilly areas of central Sichuan Province [J]. Res Soil Water Conserv, 2005, 12 (6): 8-11] 3 谭辉, 朱教君, 康宏樟, 胡理乐. 林窗干扰研究[J]. 生态学杂志, 2007, 26 (4): 587-594 [Tan H, Zhu JJ, Kang HZ, HuYL. A research review on forest gap disturbance [J]. Chin J Ecol, 2007, 26 (4): 587-594] 4 胡蓉, 林波, 刘庆. 林窗与凋落物对人工云杉林早期更新的影响[J]. 林业科学, 2011, 47 (6): 23-29 [Hu R, Lin B, Liu Q. Effects of forest gaps and litter on the early regeneration of Picea asperata Plantations [J]. Sci Silv Sin, 2011, 47 (6): 23-29] 5 臧润国, 徐化成, 高文韬. 红松阔叶林主要树种对林隙大小及其发育阶段更新反应规律的研究[J]. 林业科学, 1999, 35 (3): 4-11 [Zang RG, Xu HC, Gao WT. Regeneration response of main tree species to gap size and gap development phase in the Korean pine broadleaved forest in Jiaone, Northeast China [J]. Sci Silv Sin, 1999, 35 (3): 1-9] 6 鲜骏仁, 胡庭兴, 张远彬, 王开运. 林窗对川西亚高山岷江冷杉幼苗生物量及其分配格局的影响[J]. 应用生态学报, 2007, 18 (4): 721-727 [Xian JR, Hu TX, Zhang YB, Wang KY. Effects of forest canopy gap on Abies faxoniana seedling’s biomass and it’s allocation in subalpine coniferous forest of West Sichuan [J]. Chin J Appl Ecol, 2007, 18 (4): 721-727] 7 胡理乐, 朱教君, 李俊生, 肖能文, 罗建武, 屈冉, 范俊韬. 林窗内光照强度的测量方法[J]. 生态学报, 2009, 29 (9): 5056-5065 [Hu LL, Zhu JJ, Li JS, Xiao NW, Luo JW, Qu R, Fan JT. Reviews on methods of measuring light intensities within forest gaps [J]. Acta Ecol Sin, 2009, 29 (9): 5056-5065] 8 杨育林, 李贤伟, 周义贵, 刘运科. 林窗式疏伐对川中丘陵区柏木人工林生长和植物多样性的影响[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2014, 20 (6): 971-977 [Yang YL, Li XW, Zhou YG, Liu YK. Effects of gaps thinning on growth and diversity of a cypress plantation in the hilly region of central Sichuan [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2014, 20 (6): 971-977] 9 崔宁洁, 刘洋, 张健, 杨万勤, 欧江, 张捷, 邓长春, 李建平. 林窗对马尾松人工林植物多样性的影响[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2014, 20 (1): 8-14 [Cui NJ, Liu Y, Zhang J, Yang WQ, Ou J, Zhang J, Deng CC, Li JP. Effects of forest gap on plant diversity of Pinuns massoniana plantations [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2014, 20 (1): 8-14] 10 徐李亚, 杨万勤, 李晗, 倪祥银, 何洁, 吴福忠. 高山森林林窗对凋落物分解过程中水溶性氮和磷的影响[J]. 水土保持学报, 2014, 28 (3): 214-221 [Xu LY, Yang WQ, Li H, Ni XY, He J, Wu FZ. Effects of forest gap on soluble nitrogen and soluble phosphorus of foliar litter decomposition in an Alpine Forest [J]. J Soil Water Conserv, 2014, 28 (3): 214-221] 11 Bradford MA, Jones TH, Bardgett RD, Black HI, Boag B, Bonkowski M, Cook R, Eggers T, Gange AC, Grayston SJ. Impacts of soil faunal community composition on model grassland ecosystems [J]. Science, 2002, 298 (5593): 615-618 12 Wardle DA, Bardgett RD,Klironomos JN,Set?l? H, van der Putten WH, Wall DH. Ecological linkages between aboveground and belowground biota [J]. Science, 2004, 304 (5677): 1629-1633 13 Koehler H. Secondary succession of soil meso fauna: A thirteen year study [J]. Appl Soil Ecol, 1998, 9 (1-3): 81-86 14 刘漫萍, 刘武惠, 崔志兴, 司强, 柯欣. 上海城市绿化带土壤蜱螨目群落结构与生物指标[J]. 生态学杂志, 2007, 26 (10): 1555-1562 [Liu MP, Liu WH, Cui ZX, Si Q, Ke X. Community structure of soil mites in Shanghai urban greenbelts and its significance as bioindicator in assessing urban greenbelt soil quality [J]. Chin J Ecol, 2007, 26 (10): 1555-1562] 15 樊云龙, 熊康宁, 苏孝良, 陈浒, 邹细霞. 喀斯特高原不同植被演替阶段土壤动物群落特征[J]. 山地学报, 2010, 28 (2): 226-233 [Fan YL, Xiong KN, Su XL, Chen H, Zou XX. The characteristics of soil animal community in different karst plateau vegetation succession stage [J]. J Mount Sci, 2010, 28 (2): 226-233] 16 De Deyn GB, Raaijmakers CE, Zoomer HR, Berg MP, de Ruiter PC, Verhoef HA, Bezemer TM, Wh VDP. Soil invertebrate fauna enhances grassland succession and diversity [J]. Nature, 2003, 422 (6933): 711-713 17 林英华, 贾旭东, 徐演鹏, 李慧仁, 刘学爽, 徐永波, 韦昌雷, 刘三章, 王立中. 大兴安岭典型森林沼泽类型地表土壤动物群落与生态位分析[J]. 林业科学, 2015, 51 (12): 53-62 [Lin YH, Jia XD, Xu YP, Li HR, Liu XS, Xu YB, Wei CL, Liu SZ, Wang LZ. Ground-Dwelling soil animal community and niche analysis of a typical forest swamp in Daxing’anling Mountains [J]. Sci Silv Sin, 2015, 51 (12): 53-62] 18 Huhta V. The role of soil fauna in ecosystems: A historical review [J]. Pedobiologia, 2007, 50 (6): 489-495 19 鲍士旦. 土壤农化分析[M]. 北京: 中国农业出版社, 2002 [Bao SD. Soil Agriculturalization Analysis [M]. Beijing: China Agriculture Press, 2002] 20 范川, 李贤伟, 张健, 潘业田, 陈小红, 余晓章, 洪志刚, 周义贵, 陈栎霖, 杨育林, 王谢. 一种干生土壤动物分离装置: 中国, 201320016619. 2 [P]. 2013-08-07 [Fan C, Li XW, Zhang J, Pan YT, Chen XH, Xu XZ, Hong ZG, Zhou YG, Chen LL, Yang YL, Wang X. A separation device of dry soil fauna: China, 201320016619. 2 [P]. 2013-08-07] 21 范川, 李贤伟, 张健, 潘业田, 陈小红, 余晓章, 洪志刚, 周义贵, 陈栎霖, 杨育林, 王谢. 一种湿生土壤动物分离装置: 中国, 201320016619.2 [P]. 2013-08-07 [Fan C, Li XW, Zhang J, Pan YT, Chen XH, Xu XZ, Hong ZG, Zhou YG, Chen LL, Yang YL, Wang X. A separation device of soil meso and micro fauna: China, 201320016619.2 [P]. 2013-08-07] 22 李晓莹, 徐学华, 郭江, 赵顺, 李玉灵. 不同造林树种对铁尾矿基质理化性质和土壤动物的影响[J]. 生态学报, 2014, 34 (20): 5746-5757 [Li XY, Xu XH, Guo J, Zhao S, Li YL. Effects of different forestation species on the substrate physicochemical properties and soil fauna in iron tailings [J]. Acta Ecol Sin, 2015, 34 (20): 5746-5757] 23 罗跃初, 韩单恒, 王宏昌, 刘建民, 魏晶, 吴钢. 辽西半干旱区几种人工林生态系统涵养水源功能研究[J]. 应用生态学报, 2004, 15 (6): 919-923 [Luo YC, Han DH, Wang HC, Liu JM, Wei J, Wu G. Water conservation functions of several artificial forest ecosystems in semiarid region of western Liaoning Province [J]. Chin J Appl Ecol, 2004, 15 (6): 919- 923] 24 王岩, 李玉灵, 石娟华, 郭江, 杜建云. 不同植被恢复模式对铁尾矿物种多样性及土壤理化性质的影响[J]. 水土保持学报, 2012, 26 (3): 112-117 [Wang Y, Li YL, Shi JH, Guo J, Du JY. Effect of different vegetation restoration measures on the species diversity and soil properties of Iron Tailings [J]. J Soil Water Conserv, 2012, 26 (3): 112-117] 25 贾芳, 贾忠奎, 马履一, 张博. 抚育间伐对北京山区油松幼龄人工林水源涵养功能的影响[J]. 水土保持学报, 2009, 23 (6): 235-239 [Jia F, Jia ZK, Ma LY, Zhang B. Effects of thinning on water conservation of young Pinusta bulaeformis plantation in Beijing mountain area [J]. J Soil Water Conserv, 2009, 23 (6): 235-239] 26 柳思勉, 田大伦, 项文化, 闫文德, 刘云国, 胡新将. 间伐强度对人工杉木林地表径流的影响[J]. 生态学报, 2015, 35 (17): 5769-5775 [Liu SM, Tian DL, Xiang WH, Yan WD, Liu YG, Hu XJ. The impacts of thinning intensity on overland flow in a Chinese fir plantation [J]. Acta Ecol Sin, 2015, 35 (17): 5769-5775] 27 张鼎华, 叶章发, 范必有, 危廷林. 抚育间伐对人工林土壤肥力的影响[J]. 应用生态学报, 2001, 12 (5): 672-676 [Zhang DH, Ye ZF, Fan BY, Wei TL. Influence of thinning on soil fertility in artificial forest [J]. Chin J Appl Ecol, 2001, 12 (5): 672-676] 28 Sigurdsson BD. Environmental control of carbon uptake and growth in a Populus trichocarpa plantation in Iceland [D]. Uppsala:Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, 2001 29 盛炜彤, 范少辉. 杉木人工林长期生产力保持机制研究[M]. 北京: 科学出版社, 2006 [Sheng WT, Fan SH. Long Term Productivity of Chinese Fir Plantations [M]. Beijing: Science Press, 2006] 30 Schmidt MG, Macdonald SE, Rothwell RL. Impacts of harvesting and mechanical site preparation on soil chemical properties of mixed-wood boreal forest sites in Alberta [J]. Can J Soil Sci, 1996, 76 (4): 531-540 31 Olsson BA, Staaf H, Lundkvist H, Bengtsson J, Kaj R. Carbon and nitrogen in coniferous forest soils after clear-felling and harvests of different intensity [J]. For Ecol Manage, 1996, 82 (S1-3): 19-32 32 陈立新, 杨承栋. 落叶松人工林土壤磷形态、磷酸酶活性演变与林木生长关系的研究[J]. 林业科学, 2004, 40 (3): 12-18 [Chen LX, Yang CD. The succession of various types of phosphorus, phosphatase activity, and the relationship with the tree growth in Larch plantations [J]. Sci Silv Sin, 2004, 40 (3): 12-18] 33 杨育林. 疏伐对低效柏木人工林生态支持功能的影响[D]. 成都: 四川农业大学, 2015 [Yang YL. Effects of thinning on support function with inefficient cypress plantation [D]. Chengdu: Sichuan Agriculture University, 2015] 34 黄秋娴, 卜志国, 侯晓杰, 王志刚, 苏筱雨. 保定市不同绿地土壤动物群落与土壤理化性质的关系[J]. 河北林果研究, 2009, 24 (2): 195-199 [Huang QX, Pu ZG, Hou XJ, Wang ZG, Su XY. The relationship between soft animals and soil physical and chemical properties in different greenlands of Baoding [J]. Hebei J For Orchard Res, 2009, 24 (2): 195- 199] 35 Salmon S, Artuso N, Frizzera L, Zampedri R. Relationships between soil fauna communities and humus forms: response to forest dynamics and solar radiation [J]. Soil Biol Biochem, 2008, 40 (7): 1707-1715 36 何先进, 吴鹏飞, 崔丽巍, 张洪芝. 坡度对农田土壤动物群落结构及多样性的影响[J]. 生态学报, 2012, 32 (12): 3701-3713 [He XJ, Wu PF, Cui LW, Zhang HZ. Effects of slope gradient on the community structures and diversities of soil fauna [J]. Acta Ecol Sin, 2012, 32 (12): 3701-3713] 37 黄丽荣, 张雪萍. 大兴安岭寒温带地区中小型土壤动物群落特征[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2008, 14 (3): 388-393 [Huang LR, Zhang XP. Community characteristics of mid-micro soil animals in cold-temprate zone of the Daxing’an Mountains, China [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2008, 14 (3): 388-393] 38 林英华, 孙家宝, 刘海良, 张夫道, 孙龙, 金森. 黑龙江帽儿山土壤动物群落组成与多样性分析[J]. 林业科学, 2006, 42 (4): 71-77 [Lin YH, Sun JB, Liu HL, Zhang FD, Sun L, Jin S. Composition of soil fauna community and its diversity analysis at Maoershan Mountains of Heilongjiang Province [J]. Sci Silv Sin, 2006, 42 (4): 71-77] 39 黄旭, 文维全, 张健, 杨万勤, 刘洋, 闫帮国, 黄玉梅. 川西高山典型自然植被土壤动物多样性[J]. 应用生态学报, 2010, 21 (1): 181-190 [Huang X, Wen WQ, Zhang J, Yang WQ, Liu Y, Yan BG, Huang YM. Soil faunal diversity under typical alpine vegetations in West Sichuan [J]. Chin J Appl Ecol, 2010, 21 (1): 181-190]

相似文献/References:

[1]吴鹏飞 朱波.桤柏混交林与纯柏林土壤动物群落特征的比较[J].应用与环境生物学报,2008,14(04):488.
[2]杨育林,李贤伟,周义贵,等.林窗式疏伐对川中丘陵区柏木人工林生长和植物多样性的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2014,20(06):971.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.05004]
 YANG Yulin,LI Xianwei,ZHOU Yigui,et al.Effects of gap thinning on growth and diversity of a cypress plantation in the hilly region of central Sichuan[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2014,20(05):971.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.05004]
[3]王锐,向成华,王谢,等.川中丘陵区3种林-药复合种植模式 土壤呼吸特征*[J].应用与环境生物学报,2016,22(05):793.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.12028]
 WANG Rui,XIANG Chenghua,et al.Soil respiration characteristics of 3 types of agroforestry system in the Sichuan hilly basin*[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2016,22(05):793.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.12028]
[4]何朋俊,李星月,王谢,等.川中丘陵柏木低效林开窗补阔初期土壤养分和酶活性变化[J].应用与环境生物学报,2017,23(04):693.[doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.12052]
 HE Pengjun,LI Xingyue,WANG Xie,et al.Microbial diversity in Yubei Oil field determined by high-throughput sequencing[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2017,23(05):693.[doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.12052]

更新日期/Last Update: 2016-10-25