|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]吕 倩 尹海锋 何朋俊 李贤伟** 范 川 冯茂松 刘俊杰 王艺峰.马尾松人工林目标树经营初期对土壤理化性质与植物多样性的影响*[J].应用与环境生物学报,2018,24(05):1-11.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2017.12003]
 LV Qian,YIN Haifeng,HE Pengjun,et al.The early stage of Pinus massoniana plantations target tree s management on soil physicochemical properties and plant diversity *[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2018,24(05):1-11.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2017.12003]
点击复制

马尾松人工林目标树经营初期对土壤理化性质与植物多样性的影响*()
分享到:

《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
24卷
期数:
2018年05期
页码:
1-11
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2018-10-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
The early stage of Pinus massoniana plantations target tree s management on soil physicochemical properties and plant diversity *
文章编号:
201712003
作者:
吕 倩 尹海锋 何朋俊 李贤伟** 范 川 冯茂松 刘俊杰 王艺峰
四川农业大学林学院 成都 611130
Author(s):
LV Qian YIN Haifeng HE Pengjun LI Xianwei** FAN Chuan FENG Maosong Liu Junjie & Wang Yifeng
College of Forestry, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China
关键词:
马尾松人工林目标树经营土壤理化性质植物多样性
Keywords:
Pinus massoniana plantations target tree s management soil physicochemical properties plant diversity
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2017.12003
摘要:
以川东低山区33年马尾松人工林为研究对象,研究三种目标树密度100 株/hm2、150 株/hm2、200 株/hm2下目标树经营对林下土壤理化性质与植物多样性的影响。结果表明:目标树经营初期各处理均显著提高了土壤物理性质、pH、有机质与全磷含量(P < 0.05),与有效磷,水解氮无显著性差异(P > 0.05)。马尾松人工林灌木层和草本层植物物种丰富度指数显著增加(P<0.05),且灌木层优势种发生明显更替。灌木层Simpson 指数、Shannon-Wiener 指数和 Pielou 指数与未改造纯林均无显著差异(P > 0.05) ,但草本层Simpson指数、Shannon-Wiener指数和pielou指数都显著减小(P<0.05)。植物与土壤理化性质相关分析表明,土壤pH、全磷和水解氮含量与植物多样性密切相关。目标树经营初期各处理均显著改善了马尾松人工林土壤理化性质与植物多样性,并且随处理程度的增加而发生变化。综合来看,目标树密度为150 株/hm2的处理对该地区土壤理化性质和植物多样性影响效果最好。(图1 表7 参40)
Abstract:
In order to provide a theoretical reference for target tree s early management in the low mountain region of eastern Sichuan and atheoretical basis for the sustaina ble management of masson pine ( Pinus massoniana) plantation ,we chose for three kinds of different densities ( 100 target trees per hectare, 150 target trees per hectare and 200 target trees per hectare ) from a 33-year-old masson pine plantation in the low mountain region of eastern Sichuan. We examined change patterns of soil physicochemical properties and plant diversity during the early stage of the target tree s management . The results showed that the early stage of Pinus massoniana plantations target tree s management dramatically?improved the soil physical properties , the pH value, contents of organic matter and total phosphorus (P < 0.05) , however, the available phosphorus and the available nitrogen were varied slightly (P > 0.05) . Compared to the control (CK), significant ( P < 0.05) differences of the richness index were observed between shrubs and herbs (P < 0.05), and in the shrub layer, dominant position was replaced by others. Simpson、Shannon and pielou indexes of shrubs had no significance in the study (P > 0.05) . On the contrary, Simpson、Shannon and pielou indexes of herbs was significantly lower than the control (CK) ( P < 0.05). There were significant correlations between plant species diversity and soil physicochemical properties such as soil pH 、contents of total phosphorus and the available nitrogen. The early stage of Pinus massoniana plantations target tree s management significantly improved the plant diversity and soil physicochemical properties . Among all three different treatments, comprehensively reflectd, the 150 target trees per hectare had the best effect on soil physicochemical properties and plant diversity.

相似文献/References:

[1]周国逸,小仓纪雄.模拟酸雨的土壤淋洗液对马尾松华山松幼苗生长的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,1995,1(02):138.
 Zhou Guoyi,Norio Ogura.EFFECTS OF SOIL SOLUTIONS LEACHED BY SIMULATED ACID RAINS ON THE GROWTH OF PINUS MASSONIANA AND P.ARMANDII SEEDLINGS[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,1995,1(05):138.
[2]潘开文,杨冬生,江心.用马尔柯夫模型预测马尾松低效林改造恢复过程[J].应用与环境生物学报,1996,2(01):29.
 Pan Kaiwen,Yang Dongsheng,Jiang Xin.PREDICTION OF THE IMPROVEMENT AND RESTORATION PROCESS OF THE DETERIORATED PINUS MASSONIANA FORESTS BY USING MARKOVIAN MODEL[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,1996,2(05):29.
[3]樊后保,刘文飞** 苏兵强.马尾松林下栽植闽粤栲对生态系统养分循环的影响*[J].应用与环境生物学报,2008,14(05):610.
[4]王水良,王平,王趁义,等.马尾松酸性根际环境中铝的化学行为——以重庆酸雨区马尾松林地土壤为例[J].应用与环境生物学报,2010,16(04):523.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2010.00523]
 WANG Shuiliang,WANG Ping,WANG Chenyi,et al.Chemical Behavior of Aluminum in the Acidic Rhizosphere of Pinus massoniana Lamb—A Case Study on Its Cultivation in Acid Forest Soil in Chongqing, China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2010,16(05):523.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2010.00523]
[5]李冬琴,徐雨,冉江洪,等.人工林赤腹松鼠危害的空间分布格局[J].应用与环境生物学报,2011,17(03):407.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2011.00407]
 LI Dongqin,XU Yu,RAN Jianghong,et al.Spatial Distribution Pattern of the Damaged Trees by Red-bellied Squirrels in Planted Forest[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2011,17(05):407.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2011.00407]
[6]卢昌泰,李云,肖玖金,等.四川盆周西缘山地3种人工林土壤动物群落特征[J].应用与环境生物学报,2013,19(04):618.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00618]
 LU Changtai,LI Yun,XIAO Jiujin,et al.Characteristics of Soil Fauna Community of Three Plantations in the Western Sichuan Basin Border of China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2013,19(05):618.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00618]
[7]邓慧华,洪滔,吴承祯,等.马尾松(Pinus massoniana)内生真菌的产油脂效果[J].应用与环境生物学报,2014,20(03):377.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.10030]
 DENG Huihua,HONG Tao,WU Chengzhen,et al.Lipid production of endophytic fungi isolated from Pinus massoniana[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2014,20(05):377.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.10030]
[8]李 勋 崔宁洁 张 健.林窗大小对马尾松和樟凋落叶质量损失的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2016,22(02):292.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.07026]
 LI Xun,CUI Ningjie,ZHANG Jian,et al.Mass loss of Pinus massoniana and Cinnamomum camphora leaf litter in forestgaps of different size*[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2016,22(05):292.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.07026]
[9]李 勋 崔宁洁 张 健.林窗大小对马尾松和樟凋落叶质量损失的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2016,22(22卷02):292.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.07026]
 LI Xun,CUI Ningjie,ZHANG Jian,et al.Mass loss of Pinus massoniana and Cinnamomum camphora leaf litter in forest gaps of different size*[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2016,22(05):292.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.07026]
[10]聂富育,杨万勤,杨开军,等.四川盆地西缘4种人工林土壤团聚体及有机碳特征[J].应用与环境生物学报,2017,23(03):542.[doi:2016.07003]
 NIE Fuyu,YANG Wanqing,YANG Kaijun,et al.Soil aggregates and organic carbon in four plantations on the western edge of the Sichuan Basin[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2017,23(05):542.[doi:2016.07003]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2017-12-01 接受日期: 2018-01-02
*德国政府贷款四川林业可持续经营项目(G1403083)、国家“十三五”科技支撑计划项目(2017YFD0600302)和四川农业大学“大学生创新性实验”(201710626071)共同资助?
**通讯作者(E-mail: lxw@sicau.edu.cn)
点击摘要页题目后的“PDF”可下载阅读全文;本文为已录用的作者修定稿,尚未经编辑全面修改。
引用本文请注明出处本刊;发表刊期和页码将以正式出版时的安排为准,但DOI确定不变。
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-02-12