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[1]王元云,何奕忻,鞠佩君,等.层次分析法在若尔盖湿地退化研究中的应用[J].应用与环境生物学报,2019,25(01):46-52.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.03042]
 WANG Yuanyun,HE Yixin,et al.Application of analytic hierarchy process in wetland degradation research[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2019,25(01):46-52.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.03042]
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层次分析法在若尔盖湿地退化研究中的应用()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
25卷
期数:
2019年01期
页码:
46-52
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2019-02-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Application of analytic hierarchy process in wetland degradation research
作者:
王元云 何奕忻 鞠佩君 朱求安 刘建亮 陈槐
1中国科学院成都生物研究所 成都 610041 2中国科学院大学资源与环境学院 北京 100049 3西北农林科技大学林学院 杨凌 712100
Author(s):
WANG Yuanyun1 2 HE Yixin1 JU Peijun1 2 ZHU Qiu’an3 LIU Jianliang1 & CHEN Huai1**
1 Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China 2 College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China 3 College of Forestry, Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University, Yangling 712100, China
关键词:
若尔盖高原湿地面积变化层次分析法(AHP)驱动因素
Keywords:
Zoige plateau wetland area change Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) driving factor
分类号:
Q14
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.03042
摘要:
若尔盖高原沼泽湿地是我国面积最大的高寒沼泽湿地,在涵养水源、调节气候等方面具有十分重要的生态功能. 采用Arcgis版本,分别从1978、1990、2000和2008年的中国湿地分布图中提取出若尔盖高原的湿地分布图,分析4个时期湿地的面积变化. 发现若尔盖高原湿地面积由1978年的6 170 km2下降至2008年的5 379 km2,整体变化幅度为-12.83%,变化率为-0.43%. 通过层次分析法分析若尔盖高原湿地面积减少的驱动因子,发现导致湿地面积减少的主要因子是超载过牧、挖沟排水、降雨变化、鼠虫害、人口增长,其权重值分别为0.380 1、0.157 3、0.138 6、0.075 2、0.073 3. 上述结果表明若尔盖高原湿地在过去30年呈退化趋势,而导致湿地退化的原因是自然因素和人类活动的共同作用. (图4 表4 参37)
Abstract:
Climate change and human activity have changed the Zoige wetland area significantly. However, how the area has varied in the past 30 years remains poorly understood. This study quantified the variation tendency and rate of the Zoige wetland area from 1978 to 2008 with Arcgis and analyzed the driving factors using the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) methods. The result showed that the Zoige wetland area decreased by 12.83% from 1978 (6 170 km2) to 2008 (5 379 km2), with a decreasing rate of 0.43% per year. We found that overgrazing, drainage, precipitation change, rodent damage, and population growth were the main driving factors of the decrease in the area of the Zoige wetland, with the driving weights of 0.380 1, 0.157 3, 0.138 6, 0.075 2, and 0.073 3, respectively. In conclusion, we found that the Zoige wetland area has degraded continuously in the past 30 years because of the co-function of natural factors and human activity.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2019-02-25