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[1]马艺文,齐月,李俊生,等.石油污染胁迫下碱蓬(Suaeda glauca)和翅碱蓬(Suaeda salsa)萌发生长的响应特征[J].应用与环境生物学报,2019,25(02):313-320.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.12010]
 MA Yiwen,QI Yue,et al.Effects of petroleum pollution on germination and seedling growth: Suaeda salsa vs. Suaeda glauca[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2019,25(02):313-320.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.12010]
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石油污染胁迫下碱蓬(Suaeda glauca)和翅碱蓬(Suaeda salsa)萌发生长的响应特征()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
25卷
期数:
2019年02期
页码:
313-320
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2019-04-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of petroleum pollution on germination and seedling growth: Suaeda salsa vs. Suaeda glauca
作者:
马艺文齐月李俊生付刚赵彩云朱金方夏江宝
1中国人民大学环境学院 北京 100872 2中国环境科学研究院 北京 100012 3北京师范大学水科学研究院 北京 100875 4滨州学院黄河三角洲生态环境重点实验室 滨州 256600
Author(s):
MA Yiwen1 2 QI Yue2 LI Junsheng2** FU Gang2 3 ZHAO Caiyun2 ZHU Jinfang2 & XIA Jiangbao4
1 School of Environment & Natural Resources, Renmin University of China, Beijing, 100872, China 2 Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing, 100012, China 3 College of Water Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, 100875, China 4 Key Laboratory of Eco-Environmental Science for Yellow River Delta, Binzhou, 256600, China
关键词:
石油污染胁迫碱蓬翅碱蓬种子萌发幼苗生长
Keywords:
petroleum pollution stress Suaeda glauca Suaeda salsa germination seedling growth
分类号:
Q143
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.12010
摘要:
为了解石油污染对黄河三角洲滨海湿地翅碱蓬和碱蓬萌发生长的影响,通过盆栽控制实验,研究5个浓度梯度(0、2 500、5 000、7 500、10 000 mg/kg)石油污染下2种碱蓬萌发和幼苗生长的响应特征. 结果显示:(1)不同浓度石油污染对2种碱蓬种子萌发率、萌发势的影响不显著(P > 0.05),但均显著缩短了2种碱蓬的种子平均萌发时间,提高了种子的萌发指数(翅碱蓬P < 0.05;碱蓬P < 0.01);(2)在石油浓度为10 000 mg/kg条件下2种碱蓬的发芽势差异极显著(P < 0.01),而其他浓度梯度条件下各项萌发指标的种间差异不显著(P > 0.05);(3)石油污染胁迫对2种碱蓬的株高、叶片数和子叶长皆有显著抑制作用,石油浓度梯度越高、植物生长时间越长,这种抑制作用越明显,且石油污染胁迫对翅碱蓬的抑制程度高于碱蓬. 本研究表明10 000 mg/kg浓度梯度下的石油污染可促进2种碱蓬种子的萌发,显著抑制2种碱蓬幼苗的生长;结果可为滨海盐碱地油田石油污染土壤的植物修复提供参考依据. (图7 表2 参47)
Abstract:
To study the effects of petroleum pollution on Suaeda salsa and Suaeda glauca, the seed germination and seedling growth of two species were compared under five concentrations of petroleum, using pot experiments. The results showed that: 1) The effects of petroleum pollution with different concentrations on seed germination percentage and germination potential of the two Suaeda species were not significant (P > 0.05). However, the mean germination time of the two Suaeda species seeds was significantly shortened, and the germination index of the seeds increased (S. salsa: P < 0.05; S. glauca: P < 0.01); 2) At a petroleum concentration lower than 10 000 mg/kg, the difference of germination potential between S. salsa and S. glauca was highly significant (P < 0.01). Under other concentrations, there was no significant difference between the germination index of both species (P > 0.05); 3) Petroleum pollution significantly inhibited the height of the plants, the number of leaves, and the length of the cotyledon in both Suaeda species. The higher the gradient of petroleum concentration and the longer the growth time, the more obvious the inhibiting effect. The degree of inhibition caused by petroleum pollution was more prominent for S. salsa than for S. glauca. Our results showed that an oil pollution concentration lower than 10 000 mg/kg could promote the seeding germination of both Suaeda species, and at the same time significantly inhibit the seedling growth.

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相似文献/References:

[1]马艺文 齐 月 李俊生** 付 刚 赵彩云 朱金方 夏江宝.石油污染胁迫下碱蓬(Suaeda glauca)和翅碱蓬(Suaeda salsa )萌发生长的响应特征*[J].应用与环境生物学报,2019,25(04):1.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.12010]
 MA Yiwen,QI Yue,LI Junsheng**,et al.Effects of petroleum pollution on germination and seedling growth: Suaeda salsa vs. Suaeda glauca*[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2019,25(02):1.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.12010]

更新日期/Last Update: 2019-04-25