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[1]江承亮,腾昌运,李敬,等.蝇蛆生物转化餐厨垃圾的效能评估[J].应用与环境生物学报,2017,23(06):1159-1165.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2017.03018]
 JIANG Chengliang,TENG Changyun,LI Jin,et al.The effectiveness of bioconversion of food waste by housefly larvae[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2017,23(06):1159-1165.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2017.03018]
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蝇蛆生物转化餐厨垃圾的效能评估()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
23卷
期数:
2017年06期
页码:
1159-1165
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2017-12-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
The effectiveness of bioconversion of food waste by housefly larvae
作者:
江承亮 腾昌运 李敬 朱军 封代华 楼莉萍 张志剑
1浙江大学环境与资源学院 杭州 310058 2杭州吾蚨美环保有限公司 杭州 311113 3杭州谷胜农业科技有限公司 杭州 311108 4阿肯色大学生物与农业工程学系 美国费耶特维尔 72704
Author(s):
JIANG Chengliang1 TENG Changyun1 2 LI Jin1 ZHU Jun4 FEN Daihua1 LOU Liping1 & ZHANG Zhijian1 3**
1 College of Environment and Source Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China 2 Hangzhou Wufumei Environmental Protection Co., Ltd, Hangzhou 311113, China 3 Hangzhou Gusheng Biotech Co., Ltd, Hangzhou 311108, China 4 Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville 72704, USA
关键词:
蝇蛆餐厨垃圾接种量减量化资源化
Keywords:
larvae food waste inoculation quantity reduction resource utilization
分类号:
X799.3
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2017.03018
摘要:
餐厨垃圾具有资源性和危害性. 利用家蝇幼虫(蝇蛆)的食腐性以及生命周期短特性研究餐厨垃圾处理,探究最佳蝇蛆接种量,而后分析此接种量下处理前后堆体的理化指标,并对蝇蛆进行营养评价. 结果表明,蝇蛆处理餐厨垃圾的最佳接种量约为13 300只/kg,此接种量下餐厨垃圾的减量可达55%,减量指标为13.8;处理后堆体的含水量、有机质、全氮、全磷、全钾总量分别下降71.1%、63.9%、75.4%、8.13%、5.3%,碳氮比和pH分别为31.2、8.43,均满足好氧堆肥所需的初始条件;蝇蛆生物转化餐厨垃圾的平均产率为26.4%,转化效率达79.7%;所得干蛆的蛋白质含量接近50%,综合营养价值高于国产鱼粉及豆饼;多烯脂肪酸含量(亚油酸、亚麻酸等)超过智利鱼粉,深加工潜力大. 上述结果表明蝇蛆生物转化餐厨垃圾效能显著,具有较好发展前景. (图5 表4 参41)
Abstract:
According to the scavenging and short life cycle, housefly larvae were used to test the efficacy of food waste bioconversion. First, we explored the best inoculation quantity, then we tested the physical and chemical parameters of pile biomass before and after bioconversion at the best inoculation quantity, and finally evaluated the nutrition of larvae for commercial use. The results showed that the best inoculation quantity for larvae-driven bioconversion was 13 300 heads per kilogram. With this inoculation quantity, the processing technology achieved a 55% reduction, and the waste reduction index (WRI) was found to be 13.8. After processing, in the pile biomass, the moisture content, organic matter, total nitrogen, total phosphorus, and total potassium decreased by 71.1%, 63.9%, 75.4%, 8.13%, and 75.4%, respectively. Meanwhile, the carbon-to-nitrogen ratio and pH were found to be 31.2 and 8.43, respectively, in pile biomass, and could meet the initial conditions required for aerobic compost. In addition, the yield of larvae-driven biotransformation was 26.4%, and the efficacy of conversion of digested feed (ECD) reached 73.4%. The protein content of dried larvae was close to 50%, and the comprehensive nutritional value was higher than that of domestic fish meal and bean cake, while polyene fatty acids (linoleic acid, linolenic acid, etc.) were more abundant than those in Chile fish meal. Thus, the food waste–bioconverting larvae showed an enormous potential for deep bioprocessing for downstream uses. In conclusion, larvae can bioconvert food waste effectively and have promising development prospects.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2017-12-25