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[1]李 强,陈 诚 李小林 金 鑫 熊 川,郑林用 黄文丽**.松茸的适宜生态因子[J].应用与环境生物学报,2016,22(06):1096-1102.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.01004]
 LI Qiang,CHEN Cheng,et al.The optimal ecological factors for Tricholoma matsutake[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2016,22(06):1096-1102.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.01004]
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松茸的适宜生态因子()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
22卷
期数:
2016年06期
页码:
1096-1102
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2016-12-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
The optimal ecological factors for Tricholoma matsutake
作者:
李 强1 4 陈 诚2 李小林3 金 鑫1 熊 川1 4 郑林用1 黄文丽1**
1四川省农业科学院生物技术核技术研究所 成都 610066 2四川省农业科学院植物保护研究所 成都 610066 3四川省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 成都 610066 4四川大学生命科学学院 成都 610065
Author(s):
LI Qiang1 4 CHEN Cheng2 LI Xiaolin3 JIN Xing1 XIONG Chuan1 4 ZHENG Linyong1 & HUANG Wenli1**
1Institute of Biological & Nuclear Technology, Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Chengdu 610066, China 2Institute of Plant Protection, Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Chengdu 610066, China 3Soil and Fertilizer Institute, Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Chengdu 610066, China 4College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China
关键词:
松茸生态因子海拔砂粒含量生态区保育促繁
Keywords:
Tricholoma matsutake ecological factor altitude sand content biome nursing and breeding
分类号:
Q949.329.08
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.01004
摘要:
以全国22个松茸(Tricholoma matsutake)主产县的气候、植被、地形、土壤因子为研究对象,通过主成分分析法,对松茸生长环境进行适宜性评价,寻找影响松茸生长与分布的关键生态因子. 结果发现:所分析的20个生态因子中,海拔和砂粒含量的权重最高,分别是0.079和0.077,而交换性锰、郁闭度的权重最低,分别为0.000和0.011;综合评价表明在调查的22个主产县中,四川九龙和康定的主成分得分最高,分别为1.24和1.00,更适合松茸生长,而吉林珲春和吉林龙井主成分得分最低,为-1.21和-0.95;系统聚类发现,中国松茸可划分为4个生态区:东北生态区,川西及西藏生态区,川南及云南生态区,西藏波密生态区. 本研究表明海拔和沙粒含量是对松茸生长影响最大的生态因子,四川九龙和康定更适合松茸生长,结果可为松茸的科学保护及保育促繁打下基础. (图1 表5 参26)
Abstract:
This study aimed to find out the key ecological factors affecting the growth and distribution of Tricholoma matsutake in China. The climate, topographical, vegetation and pedological factors of 22 T. matsutake producing areas were analyzed through the principal component analysis (PCA). The results showed that the altitude and sand content got the hightest weight value, which were 0.079 and 0.077 respectively. The crown density and exchangeable Mn in the fairy ring of T. matsutake had the lowest weight value (0.000 and 0.011 respectively). Comprehensive evaluation showed that in the 22 investigated regions, Kangding and Jiulong had the hightest PCA scores of 1.24 and 1.00. Conversely, the lowest scores appeared in Hunchun and Longjing, which were -1.21 and -0.95. Consequently, the altitude and sand content were the most critical factors affecting the growth of T. matsutake. The crown density and exchangeable Mn in the fairy ring of T. matsutake had smaller effects on its growth. Kangding and Jiulong were the most suitable for T. matsutake growth. While Hunchun and Longjing the least. System clustering found that T. matsutake producing areas in China could be divided into four clusters: the northeast biome, western Sichuan and Tibet biome, southern Sichuan and Yunnan biome, and Tibetan Bome biome. The result of this study helps in the scientific protection, integrated nursing and breeding of T. matsutake.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2016-12-30